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A diatom record of mid- to late Holocene palaeoenvironmental changes in the southern Okinawa Trough

Li, Dongling; Jiang, Hui; Knudsen, Karen Luise; Björck, Svante LU ; Olsen, Jesper; Zhao, Meixun; Li, Tiegang and Li, Jialin (2015) In Journal of Quaternary Science 30(1). p.32-43
Abstract
Palaeoceanographic changes over the last 6800 years are documented in a diatom record from core MD05-2908 from the southern Okinawa Trough. Changes in diatom components are used to reflect variations in the strength of the Kuroshio Current and the influence of coastal waters, and these changes are compared with records of the East Asian summer monsoon, which exerts an important influence on regional climate and oceanography. A decreasing trend in the contribution of coastal diatoms during the last 6800 years is related to the weakening of the East Asian summer monsoon during the Holocene in response to diminishing insolation and a southward shift in the intertropical convergence zone. Relatively high abundances of the Kuroshio Current... (More)
Palaeoceanographic changes over the last 6800 years are documented in a diatom record from core MD05-2908 from the southern Okinawa Trough. Changes in diatom components are used to reflect variations in the strength of the Kuroshio Current and the influence of coastal waters, and these changes are compared with records of the East Asian summer monsoon, which exerts an important influence on regional climate and oceanography. A decreasing trend in the contribution of coastal diatoms during the last 6800 years is related to the weakening of the East Asian summer monsoon during the Holocene in response to diminishing insolation and a southward shift in the intertropical convergence zone. Relatively high abundances of the Kuroshio Current indicator species during the intervals 2600-2200 and 4800-3600 cal a BP, and lower abundances during the intervals 3200-2800 and 2200-1300 cal a BP, imply that there is no consistent weakening of the Kuroshio Current during the interval 4500-3000 cal a BP-the Pulleniatina Minimum Event, which is a widespread feature in the East China Sea and the South China Sea. A major reduction in coastal diatoms at 3200cal a BP and a slight decrease in the Kuroshio Current indicator species during the interval 3200-2800 cal a BP indicate that a palaeoceanographic shift occurred in the southern Okinawa Trough, which coincided with a Northern Hemisphere climatic cooling, denoted the Neoglaciation in Europe. In addition, changes in the freshwater species component of the record are suggested mainly to result from variations in flood frequency in north-eastern Taiwan caused by typhoons. A dramatic increase in the frequency of flood events during the last millennium may have been caused by relatively strong El Nino-Southern Oscillation activity, compared with the more stable period between 6800 and 1000 cal a BP, which experienced a low frequency of flood events. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
diatoms, East Asian Monsoon, Kuroshio Current, palaeo-typhoons, southern, Okinawa Trough
in
Journal of Quaternary Science
volume
30
issue
1
pages
32 - 43
publisher
John Wiley & Sons
external identifiers
  • wos:000348721100005
  • scopus:84925253738
ISSN
1099-1417
DOI
10.1002/jqs.2756
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
1ddcf8b1-e6c7-48de-9264-3a9ec652d881 (old id 5204208)
date added to LUP
2015-03-25 15:50:11
date last changed
2017-10-29 03:46:15
@article{1ddcf8b1-e6c7-48de-9264-3a9ec652d881,
  abstract     = {Palaeoceanographic changes over the last 6800 years are documented in a diatom record from core MD05-2908 from the southern Okinawa Trough. Changes in diatom components are used to reflect variations in the strength of the Kuroshio Current and the influence of coastal waters, and these changes are compared with records of the East Asian summer monsoon, which exerts an important influence on regional climate and oceanography. A decreasing trend in the contribution of coastal diatoms during the last 6800 years is related to the weakening of the East Asian summer monsoon during the Holocene in response to diminishing insolation and a southward shift in the intertropical convergence zone. Relatively high abundances of the Kuroshio Current indicator species during the intervals 2600-2200 and 4800-3600 cal a BP, and lower abundances during the intervals 3200-2800 and 2200-1300 cal a BP, imply that there is no consistent weakening of the Kuroshio Current during the interval 4500-3000 cal a BP-the Pulleniatina Minimum Event, which is a widespread feature in the East China Sea and the South China Sea. A major reduction in coastal diatoms at 3200cal a BP and a slight decrease in the Kuroshio Current indicator species during the interval 3200-2800 cal a BP indicate that a palaeoceanographic shift occurred in the southern Okinawa Trough, which coincided with a Northern Hemisphere climatic cooling, denoted the Neoglaciation in Europe. In addition, changes in the freshwater species component of the record are suggested mainly to result from variations in flood frequency in north-eastern Taiwan caused by typhoons. A dramatic increase in the frequency of flood events during the last millennium may have been caused by relatively strong El Nino-Southern Oscillation activity, compared with the more stable period between 6800 and 1000 cal a BP, which experienced a low frequency of flood events.},
  author       = {Li, Dongling and Jiang, Hui and Knudsen, Karen Luise and Björck, Svante and Olsen, Jesper and Zhao, Meixun and Li, Tiegang and Li, Jialin},
  issn         = {1099-1417},
  keyword      = {diatoms,East Asian Monsoon,Kuroshio Current,palaeo-typhoons,southern,Okinawa Trough},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {32--43},
  publisher    = {John Wiley & Sons},
  series       = {Journal of Quaternary Science},
  title        = {A diatom record of mid- to late Holocene palaeoenvironmental changes in the southern Okinawa Trough},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jqs.2756},
  volume       = {30},
  year         = {2015},
}