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Globalization, Democracy, and Child Health in Developing Countries

Welander, Anna LU ; Lyttkens, Carl Hampus LU and Nilsson, Therese LU (2015) In Social Science and Medicine 136. p.52-63
Abstract
Good health is crucial for human and economic development. In particular poor health in childhood seems to be of utmost concern since it causes irreversible damage and has implications later in life. Recent research suggests globalization is a strong force affecting adult and child health outcomes. Yet, there is much unexplained variation with respect to the globalization effect on child health, in particular in low- and middle-income countries. One factor that could explain such variation across countries is the quality of democracy. Using panel data for 70 developing countries between 1970 and 2009 this paper disentangles the relationship between globalization, democracy, and child health. Specifically the paper examines how... (More)
Good health is crucial for human and economic development. In particular poor health in childhood seems to be of utmost concern since it causes irreversible damage and has implications later in life. Recent research suggests globalization is a strong force affecting adult and child health outcomes. Yet, there is much unexplained variation with respect to the globalization effect on child health, in particular in low- and middle-income countries. One factor that could explain such variation across countries is the quality of democracy. Using panel data for 70 developing countries between 1970 and 2009 this paper disentangles the relationship between globalization, democracy, and child health. Specifically the paper examines how globalization and a country’s democratic status and historical experience with democracy, respectively, affect infant mortality. In line with previous research, results suggest that globalization reduces infant mortality and that the level of democracy in a country generally improves child health outcomes. Additionally, democracy matters for the size of the globalization effect on child health. If for example Côte d’Ivoire were a democracy in the 2000-2009 period, this effect would translate into 1,200 fewer infant deaths in an average year compared to the situation without democracy. We also find that nutrition is the most important mediator in the relationship. To conclude, globalization and democracy together associate with better child health in developing countries. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Developing countries, Globalization, Democracy, Child health
in
Social Science and Medicine
volume
136
pages
52 - 63
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • pmid:25982869
  • wos:000356756500007
  • scopus:84929300194
ISSN
1873-5347
DOI
10.1016/j.socscimed.2015.05.006
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
dfa29528-14c1-4246-b80f-40f29777958c (old id 5336117)
date added to LUP
2015-04-28 16:40:33
date last changed
2017-10-29 03:11:07
@article{dfa29528-14c1-4246-b80f-40f29777958c,
  abstract     = {Good health is crucial for human and economic development. In particular poor health in childhood seems to be of utmost concern since it causes irreversible damage and has implications later in life. Recent research suggests globalization is a strong force affecting adult and child health outcomes. Yet, there is much unexplained variation with respect to the globalization effect on child health, in particular in low- and middle-income countries. One factor that could explain such variation across countries is the quality of democracy. Using panel data for 70 developing countries between 1970 and 2009 this paper disentangles the relationship between globalization, democracy, and child health. Specifically the paper examines how globalization and a country’s democratic status and historical experience with democracy, respectively, affect infant mortality. In line with previous research, results suggest that globalization reduces infant mortality and that the level of democracy in a country generally improves child health outcomes. Additionally, democracy matters for the size of the globalization effect on child health. If for example Côte d’Ivoire were a democracy in the 2000-2009 period, this effect would translate into 1,200 fewer infant deaths in an average year compared to the situation without democracy. We also find that nutrition is the most important mediator in the relationship. To conclude, globalization and democracy together associate with better child health in developing countries.},
  author       = {Welander, Anna and Lyttkens, Carl Hampus and Nilsson, Therese},
  issn         = {1873-5347},
  keyword      = {Developing countries,Globalization,Democracy,Child health},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {52--63},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Social Science and Medicine},
  title        = {Globalization, Democracy, and Child Health in Developing Countries},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2015.05.006},
  volume       = {136},
  year         = {2015},
}