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Autonomous and Controlled Motivation for Parenting: Associations with Parent and Child Outcomes

Jungert, Tomas LU ; Landry, Renée; Joussemet, Mireille; Mageau, Geneviève; Gingras, Isabelle and Koestner, Richard (2015) In Journal of Child and Family Studies 24(7). p.1932-1942
Abstract
The present investigation examined motivation

for parenting and some of its correlates in parents and

children. The data came from samples of 151 first-time

mothers of infants, 153 mothers of middle school children,

and 260 mothers and fathers of high school children. Parents

provided self-report data about their motivation in

their parenting role as well as reports of role satisfaction,

parental competence, child temperament, and parenting

styles. Using three samples, factor analyses confirmed the

distinction between autonomous and controlled forms of

parenting motivation. Autonomous motivation refers to

investing in the parenting role... (More)
The present investigation examined motivation

for parenting and some of its correlates in parents and

children. The data came from samples of 151 first-time

mothers of infants, 153 mothers of middle school children,

and 260 mothers and fathers of high school children. Parents

provided self-report data about their motivation in

their parenting role as well as reports of role satisfaction,

parental competence, child temperament, and parenting

styles. Using three samples, factor analyses confirmed the

distinction between autonomous and controlled forms of

parenting motivation. Autonomous motivation refers to

investing in the parenting role because it is interesting and

meaningful whereas controlled motivation refers to

investment based on external or internal pressures. Results

showed that autonomous motivation was associated concurrently

with parenting satisfaction and competence as

well as with authoritative and autonomy-supportive parenting

styles. Child temperament was unrelated to parenting

motivation, but mothers reported greater autonomous

motivation for girls than boys and for younger children

rather than older children. Autonomous parenting motivation

was associated with children reporting autonomy

supportive parenting and high levels of well-being. A

prospective analysis showed that controlled parenting

motivation in first time mothers was associated with

reductions in parenting satisfaction as infants became

toddlers. A similar analysis showed that autonomous parenting

motivation was associated with children developing

fewer behavior problems whereas controlled motivation

was associated with children developing more behavioral

problems. The present findings highlight the heuristic value

of assessing why parents invest themselves in the parenting

role. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Journal of Child and Family Studies
volume
24
issue
7
pages
1932 - 1942
publisher
Springer
external identifiers
  • scopus:84930537156
ISSN
1062-1024
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
ae0e4560-a6f5-415f-8552-2389b67a23b7 (old id 5368248)
date added to LUP
2015-05-18 16:29:12
date last changed
2017-07-02 03:14:17
@article{ae0e4560-a6f5-415f-8552-2389b67a23b7,
  abstract     = {The present investigation examined motivation<br/><br>
for parenting and some of its correlates in parents and<br/><br>
children. The data came from samples of 151 first-time<br/><br>
mothers of infants, 153 mothers of middle school children,<br/><br>
and 260 mothers and fathers of high school children. Parents<br/><br>
provided self-report data about their motivation in<br/><br>
their parenting role as well as reports of role satisfaction,<br/><br>
parental competence, child temperament, and parenting<br/><br>
styles. Using three samples, factor analyses confirmed the<br/><br>
distinction between autonomous and controlled forms of<br/><br>
parenting motivation. Autonomous motivation refers to<br/><br>
investing in the parenting role because it is interesting and<br/><br>
meaningful whereas controlled motivation refers to<br/><br>
investment based on external or internal pressures. Results<br/><br>
showed that autonomous motivation was associated concurrently<br/><br>
with parenting satisfaction and competence as<br/><br>
well as with authoritative and autonomy-supportive parenting<br/><br>
styles. Child temperament was unrelated to parenting<br/><br>
motivation, but mothers reported greater autonomous<br/><br>
motivation for girls than boys and for younger children<br/><br>
rather than older children. Autonomous parenting motivation<br/><br>
was associated with children reporting autonomy<br/><br>
supportive parenting and high levels of well-being. A<br/><br>
prospective analysis showed that controlled parenting<br/><br>
motivation in first time mothers was associated with<br/><br>
reductions in parenting satisfaction as infants became<br/><br>
toddlers. A similar analysis showed that autonomous parenting<br/><br>
motivation was associated with children developing<br/><br>
fewer behavior problems whereas controlled motivation<br/><br>
was associated with children developing more behavioral<br/><br>
problems. The present findings highlight the heuristic value<br/><br>
of assessing why parents invest themselves in the parenting<br/><br>
role.},
  author       = {Jungert, Tomas and Landry, Renée and Joussemet, Mireille and Mageau, Geneviève and Gingras, Isabelle and Koestner, Richard},
  issn         = {1062-1024},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {7},
  pages        = {1932--1942},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {Journal of Child and Family Studies},
  title        = {Autonomous and Controlled Motivation for Parenting: Associations with Parent and Child Outcomes},
  volume       = {24},
  year         = {2015},
}