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Rail Tunnel Evacuation

Fridolf, Karl LU (2015)
Abstract
In this thesis, human behavior in rail tunnel fires is explored. Descriptive knowledge is presented related to the evacuation of passenger trains, and the subsequent tunnel evacuation to a safe location. More specifically, a theoretical framework that can aid the understanding of human behavior is identified, and its applicability to rail tunnels is demonstrated. In addition, new empirical data on the flow rate capacity of train exits during evacuation in rail tunnels, as well as on walking speeds in smoke free and smoke filled rail tunnels, is presented. Finally, a number of technical

installations that may facilitate orientation, movement and exit choice in rail tunnels are suggested. The findings are presented in relation to... (More)
In this thesis, human behavior in rail tunnel fires is explored. Descriptive knowledge is presented related to the evacuation of passenger trains, and the subsequent tunnel evacuation to a safe location. More specifically, a theoretical framework that can aid the understanding of human behavior is identified, and its applicability to rail tunnels is demonstrated. In addition, new empirical data on the flow rate capacity of train exits during evacuation in rail tunnels, as well as on walking speeds in smoke free and smoke filled rail tunnels, is presented. Finally, a number of technical

installations that may facilitate orientation, movement and exit choice in rail tunnels are suggested. The findings are presented in relation to previously conducted empirical studies, and a discussion is also made on how the findings can be used in application and design. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
supervisor
opponent
  • Senior Lecturer Boyce, Karen, Built Environment Research Institute, School of the Built Environment, University of Ulster
organization
publishing date
type
Thesis
publication status
published
subject
keywords
smoke, walking speed, flow rate of people, experiment, train, tunnel, metro, underground rail transportation system, evacuation, Human behavior in fire
pages
99 pages
publisher
Division of Fire Safety Engineering
defense location
E:1406, E-building, Ole Römers väg 3, Lund University Faculty of Engineeinrg, LTH.
defense date
2015-06-12 13:00
external identifiers
  • other:ISRN LUTVDG/TVBB--1056—SE
  • other:Report number 1056
ISSN
1402-3504
ISBN
978-91-7623-249-1
978-91-7623-250-7
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
0b493737-c560-4179-9f25-b704b79eb4d7 (old id 5368902)
date added to LUP
2015-05-19 13:39:37
date last changed
2016-09-19 08:44:49
@phdthesis{0b493737-c560-4179-9f25-b704b79eb4d7,
  abstract     = {In this thesis, human behavior in rail tunnel fires is explored. Descriptive knowledge is presented related to the evacuation of passenger trains, and the subsequent tunnel evacuation to a safe location. More specifically, a theoretical framework that can aid the understanding of human behavior is identified, and its applicability to rail tunnels is demonstrated. In addition, new empirical data on the flow rate capacity of train exits during evacuation in rail tunnels, as well as on walking speeds in smoke free and smoke filled rail tunnels, is presented. Finally, a number of technical<br/><br>
installations that may facilitate orientation, movement and exit choice in rail tunnels are suggested. The findings are presented in relation to previously conducted empirical studies, and a discussion is also made on how the findings can be used in application and design.},
  author       = {Fridolf, Karl},
  isbn         = {978-91-7623-249-1},
  issn         = {1402-3504},
  keyword      = {smoke,walking speed,flow rate of people,experiment,train,tunnel,metro,underground rail transportation system,evacuation,Human behavior in fire},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {99},
  publisher    = {Division of Fire Safety Engineering},
  school       = {Lund University},
  title        = {Rail Tunnel Evacuation},
  year         = {2015},
}