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Reading Comprehension and Working Memory Capacity in Children with Hearing Loss and Cochlear Implants or Hearing Aids

Asker-Árnason, Lena LU ; Wass, Malin; Gustafsson, Fredrik and Sahlén, Birgitta LU (2015) In Volta Review Volume 115(1)(Spring/Summer 2015). p.36-65
Abstract
Reading comprehension and three aspects of working memory—general,

visuospatial and phonological—was assessed in 41 children with hearing

loss: 23 with cochlear implants and 18 with hearing aids. Performance on

these tests was compared between the two groups of children with hearing

loss and also related to that of 55 children with typical hearing. All children

were between 6 and 14 years of age.

The children with hearing aids performed significantly more poorly

on the reading comprehension test than the children with typical hearing

but this difference was not significant between the children with cochlear

implants and the children with typical hearing. In... (More)
Reading comprehension and three aspects of working memory—general,

visuospatial and phonological—was assessed in 41 children with hearing

loss: 23 with cochlear implants and 18 with hearing aids. Performance on

these tests was compared between the two groups of children with hearing

loss and also related to that of 55 children with typical hearing. All children

were between 6 and 14 years of age.

The children with hearing aids performed significantly more poorly

on the reading comprehension test than the children with typical hearing

but this difference was not significant between the children with cochlear

implants and the children with typical hearing. In the group of children with

cochlear implants, the results from the reading test and the results from all

three working memory tests correlated significantly, whereas in the group

of children with hearing aids there was no correlation between the reading

test and the visual working memory test. The reading test results from the

children with typical hearing correlated significantly with the results from the

phonological working memory test but not with the other working memory

tests. The authors concluded that the children with cochlear implants might

have developed orthographic decoding earlier than the children with hearing

aids due to their more profound hearing loss. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Hearing loss, cochlear implants, hearing aids, working memory, reading comprehension
in
Volta Review
volume
Volume 115(1)
issue
Spring/Summer 2015
pages
36 - 65
publisher
Alexander Graham Bell Assoc For The Deaf
ISSN
0042-8639
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
0bdea654-458c-4ddb-854d-f3b852f043a6 (old id 5464682)
date added to LUP
2015-06-23 11:18:55
date last changed
2016-04-16 05:43:19
@article{0bdea654-458c-4ddb-854d-f3b852f043a6,
  abstract     = {Reading comprehension and three aspects of working memory—general,<br/><br>
visuospatial and phonological—was assessed in 41 children with hearing<br/><br>
loss: 23 with cochlear implants and 18 with hearing aids. Performance on<br/><br>
these tests was compared between the two groups of children with hearing<br/><br>
loss and also related to that of 55 children with typical hearing. All children<br/><br>
were between 6 and 14 years of age.<br/><br>
The children with hearing aids performed significantly more poorly<br/><br>
on the reading comprehension test than the children with typical hearing<br/><br>
but this difference was not significant between the children with cochlear<br/><br>
implants and the children with typical hearing. In the group of children with<br/><br>
cochlear implants, the results from the reading test and the results from all<br/><br>
three working memory tests correlated significantly, whereas in the group<br/><br>
of children with hearing aids there was no correlation between the reading<br/><br>
test and the visual working memory test. The reading test results from the<br/><br>
children with typical hearing correlated significantly with the results from the<br/><br>
phonological working memory test but not with the other working memory<br/><br>
tests. The authors concluded that the children with cochlear implants might<br/><br>
have developed orthographic decoding earlier than the children with hearing<br/><br>
aids due to their more profound hearing loss.},
  author       = {Asker-Árnason, Lena and Wass, Malin and Gustafsson, Fredrik and Sahlén, Birgitta},
  issn         = {0042-8639},
  keyword      = {Hearing loss,cochlear implants,hearing aids,working memory,reading comprehension},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {Spring/Summer 2015},
  pages        = {36--65},
  publisher    = {Alexander Graham Bell Assoc For The Deaf},
  series       = {Volta Review},
  title        = {Reading Comprehension and Working Memory Capacity in Children with Hearing Loss and Cochlear Implants or Hearing Aids},
  volume       = {Volume 115(1)},
  year         = {2015},
}