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Process synthesis and simulation of furfural production from rice straw biowaste

Sherif, Nourhan ; Kamel, Dina ; Abdelaziz, Omar LU ; Labib, Mennat ; Hulteberg, Christian LU ; Ashour, Fatma and Gadalla, Mamdouh (2019) 32nd International Conference on Efficiency, Cost, Optimization, Simulation and Environmental Impact of Energy Systems, ECOS 2019 p.4105-4113
Abstract

Rice straw is regarded as one of the main cereal straws that are produced every year in substantial amounts. Typically, rice straw is burned by farmers as they could not find a more promising technique to dispose it. This burning produces particulates and carbon monoxide causing many adverse effects on the environment and the public health, and finding a way to efficiently utilise this biowaste resource is of great importance. This research investigates the process synthesis of the acid-hydrolysis of rice straw to produce furfural, a versatile platform molecule for biofuels and biochemicals. The kinetic model and operating conditions used for simulation are obtained from previous studies. Results of reactor simulations are validated... (More)

Rice straw is regarded as one of the main cereal straws that are produced every year in substantial amounts. Typically, rice straw is burned by farmers as they could not find a more promising technique to dispose it. This burning produces particulates and carbon monoxide causing many adverse effects on the environment and the public health, and finding a way to efficiently utilise this biowaste resource is of great importance. This research investigates the process synthesis of the acid-hydrolysis of rice straw to produce furfural, a versatile platform molecule for biofuels and biochemicals. The kinetic model and operating conditions used for simulation are obtained from previous studies. Results of reactor simulations are validated with the experimental work. Optimisation will follow to manipulate several parameters including acid concentration, reaction temperature, acid/rice straw ratio, catalyst concentration and type of acid to increase the furfural yield and reaction conversion. The second phase of this research will consider a full flowsheet simulation and sensitivity study to reach an optimum process with respect to environment and economics. Aspen Plus® simulation package is employed for process simulation, sizing and analysis.

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Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Acid hydrolysis, Biofuel, Kinetic modelling, Process design, Waste valorisation
host publication
ECOS 2019 - Proceedings of the 32nd International Conference on Efficiency, Cost, Optimization, Simulation and Environmental Impact of Energy Systems
editor
Stanek, Wojciech ; Gladysz, Pawel ; Werle, Sebastian ; Adamczyk, Wojciech ; ; ; and
pages
9 pages
publisher
Institute of Thermal Technology
conference name
32nd International Conference on Efficiency, Cost, Optimization, Simulation and Environmental Impact of Energy Systems, ECOS 2019
conference location
Wroclaw, Poland
conference dates
2019-06-23 - 2019-06-28
external identifiers
  • scopus:85083245694
ISBN
9788361506515
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
54f574ad-e80b-4435-b52c-d02157d7f7a9
date added to LUP
2020-05-13 07:39:23
date last changed
2020-05-14 01:56:41
@inproceedings{54f574ad-e80b-4435-b52c-d02157d7f7a9,
  abstract     = {<p>Rice straw is regarded as one of the main cereal straws that are produced every year in substantial amounts. Typically, rice straw is burned by farmers as they could not find a more promising technique to dispose it. This burning produces particulates and carbon monoxide causing many adverse effects on the environment and the public health, and finding a way to efficiently utilise this biowaste resource is of great importance. This research investigates the process synthesis of the acid-hydrolysis of rice straw to produce furfural, a versatile platform molecule for biofuels and biochemicals. The kinetic model and operating conditions used for simulation are obtained from previous studies. Results of reactor simulations are validated with the experimental work. Optimisation will follow to manipulate several parameters including acid concentration, reaction temperature, acid/rice straw ratio, catalyst concentration and type of acid to increase the furfural yield and reaction conversion. The second phase of this research will consider a full flowsheet simulation and sensitivity study to reach an optimum process with respect to environment and economics. Aspen Plus<sup>®</sup> simulation package is employed for process simulation, sizing and analysis.</p>},
  author       = {Sherif, Nourhan and Kamel, Dina and Abdelaziz, Omar and Labib, Mennat and Hulteberg, Christian and Ashour, Fatma and Gadalla, Mamdouh},
  booktitle    = {ECOS 2019 - Proceedings of the 32nd International Conference on Efficiency, Cost, Optimization, Simulation and Environmental Impact of Energy Systems},
  editor       = {Stanek, Wojciech and Gladysz, Pawel and Werle, Sebastian and Adamczyk, Wojciech},
  isbn         = {9788361506515},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {4105--4113},
  publisher    = {Institute of Thermal Technology},
  title        = {Process synthesis and simulation of furfural production from rice straw biowaste},
  year         = {2019},
}