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Demonizing Discourse in Mao Zedong's China: People vs Non-People

Schoenhals, Michael LU (2007) In Totalitarian Movements and Political Religions 8(3-4). p.465-482
Abstract
This article examines the use of demonizing rhetoric by the Chinese Communist Party during the first decades of the People’s Republic after 1949. It chronicles the rise, flourishing, and ultimate post-Mao demise of a political discourse predicated on an ‘essential’ distinction between people and non-people. With the help of illustrations lifted from public and until recently classified sources, it sheds light on the strategic reasoning behind official as well as popular deployment of dysphemisms like ‘ox-monster’ and ‘snake-demon’. Noting the extremes to which demonization was taken during the Cultural Revolution, when some party leaders were made to self-criticise for mis-speaking of class enemies as actual human beings, it hints at the... (More)
This article examines the use of demonizing rhetoric by the Chinese Communist Party during the first decades of the People’s Republic after 1949. It chronicles the rise, flourishing, and ultimate post-Mao demise of a political discourse predicated on an ‘essential’ distinction between people and non-people. With the help of illustrations lifted from public and until recently classified sources, it sheds light on the strategic reasoning behind official as well as popular deployment of dysphemisms like ‘ox-monster’ and ‘snake-demon’. Noting the extremes to which demonization was taken during the Cultural Revolution, when some party leaders were made to self-criticise for mis-speaking of class enemies as actual human beings, it hints at the role that the trauma of Mao’s final decade in power played in problematizing the people vs. non-people distinction and finally discarding it altogether as incompatible with the needs of political reform. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Revolution, Communism, Mao Zedong, Class, Discourse, Demonization, Politics, Society, China
in
Totalitarian Movements and Political Religions
volume
8
issue
3-4
pages
465 - 482
publisher
Routledge
ISSN
1469-0764
project
Nittonhundratalets massdiktaturer
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
200dabe0-5955-4999-9c7a-5e8c9644396e (old id 571691)
date added to LUP
2007-10-30 14:13:48
date last changed
2016-04-16 03:59:07
@article{200dabe0-5955-4999-9c7a-5e8c9644396e,
  abstract     = {This article examines the use of demonizing rhetoric by the Chinese Communist Party during the first decades of the People’s Republic after 1949. It chronicles the rise, flourishing, and ultimate post-Mao demise of a political discourse predicated on an ‘essential’ distinction between people and non-people. With the help of illustrations lifted from public and until recently classified sources, it sheds light on the strategic reasoning behind official as well as popular deployment of dysphemisms like ‘ox-monster’ and ‘snake-demon’. Noting the extremes to which demonization was taken during the Cultural Revolution, when some party leaders were made to self-criticise for mis-speaking of class enemies as actual human beings, it hints at the role that the trauma of Mao’s final decade in power played in problematizing the people vs. non-people distinction and finally discarding it altogether as incompatible with the needs of political reform.},
  author       = {Schoenhals, Michael},
  issn         = {1469-0764},
  keyword      = {Revolution,Communism,Mao Zedong,Class,Discourse,Demonization,Politics,Society,China},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3-4},
  pages        = {465--482},
  publisher    = {Routledge},
  series       = {Totalitarian Movements and Political Religions},
  title        = {Demonizing Discourse in Mao Zedong's China: People vs Non-People},
  volume       = {8},
  year         = {2007},
}