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A randomised study in all cervical hip fractures Osteosynthesis with Hansson hook-pins versus AO-screws in 199 consecutive patients followed for two years

Mjorud, Jan ; Skaro, Olav ; Helge Solhaug, Jan and Thorngren, Karl-Göran LU (2006) In Injury 37(8). p.768-777
Abstract
A consecutive series of patients with all types of cervical hip fracture (both undisplaced and displaced) were randomised to osteosynthesis with Hansson hook-pins (n = 98) or AO-screws (n = 101). Background parameters, fracture type and reduction of the fracture did not differ significantly between the groups. Fifty-seven percent of the patients were operated on within 6 h of admission to hospital, 74% within 12 h and 92% within 24 h. The mean (median) time for operation was 36 (30) min for the hook-pins and 40 (35) min for the AO-screws. The devices were significantly better positioned in the hook-pin group (81% of cases good) compared to the AO-screws (66% good) (p = 0.04). In all, 72% of the patients had no deficiency either in... (More)
A consecutive series of patients with all types of cervical hip fracture (both undisplaced and displaced) were randomised to osteosynthesis with Hansson hook-pins (n = 98) or AO-screws (n = 101). Background parameters, fracture type and reduction of the fracture did not differ significantly between the groups. Fifty-seven percent of the patients were operated on within 6 h of admission to hospital, 74% within 12 h and 92% within 24 h. The mean (median) time for operation was 36 (30) min for the hook-pins and 40 (35) min for the AO-screws. The devices were significantly better positioned in the hook-pin group (81% of cases good) compared to the AO-screws (66% good) (p = 0.04). In all, 72% of the patients had no deficiency either in reduction of the fracture, positioning of the implants or had drill penetration of the femoral head. Direct unrestricted weight bearing was encouraged in 92% of the hook-pin and 90% of the AO-screws group. The mean (median) hospital time was 13 (10) days with no significant difference between the groups. Following treatment, 5% walked without aids, 76% of the patients walked with some aids, and 16% could not walk. The walking ability was not known for 4%. At four months, 59% of the patients were living in their own home (64% before fracture), 18% (25% before) in a nursing home, 5% (11% before) in other accommodation and 18% were dead. After two years, 77% of the hook-pin patients had not needed any re-operation compared to 73% in the AO-screw group. In total a secondary hemi-arthroplasty had been performed in 7% and total hip arthroplasty in 12% of the patients. Extraction only of osteosynthesis material had been performed in 5%. The difference in the reoperation rates between the two methods was not significant. In the undisplaced fractures, 84% of the patients had not: needed any reoperation after two years compared to 70% among the displaced fractures. Major reoperation had been performed in 10% (1% hemi and 9% total hip arthroplasty) in the patients with undisplaced fractures compared to 26% in those with displaced fractures (10% hemi, 16% total hip arthroplasty and 1% Girdlestone operation). The remaining patients had only undergone removal of metalwork. Osteosynthesis thus proved to be a successful operation in many of the patients with displaced fractures. A preoperative, prognostic-based selection between osteosynthesis and arthroplasty is the future goal for optimised femoral neck fracture treatment. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
osteosynthesis, operation, hip fracture, femoral neck fracture, outcome
in
Injury
volume
37
issue
8
pages
768 - 777
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000239751800016
  • scopus:33746003552
ISSN
1879-0267
DOI
10.1016/j.injury.2006.01.001
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
5a7f402a-984d-424f-a877-10a1cc9bb2e5 (old id 398421)
date added to LUP
2016-04-01 15:43:37
date last changed
2019-10-01 02:08:55
@article{5a7f402a-984d-424f-a877-10a1cc9bb2e5,
  abstract     = {A consecutive series of patients with all types of cervical hip fracture (both undisplaced and displaced) were randomised to osteosynthesis with Hansson hook-pins (n = 98) or AO-screws (n = 101). Background parameters, fracture type and reduction of the fracture did not differ significantly between the groups. Fifty-seven percent of the patients were operated on within 6 h of admission to hospital, 74% within 12 h and 92% within 24 h. The mean (median) time for operation was 36 (30) min for the hook-pins and 40 (35) min for the AO-screws. The devices were significantly better positioned in the hook-pin group (81% of cases good) compared to the AO-screws (66% good) (p = 0.04). In all, 72% of the patients had no deficiency either in reduction of the fracture, positioning of the implants or had drill penetration of the femoral head. Direct unrestricted weight bearing was encouraged in 92% of the hook-pin and 90% of the AO-screws group. The mean (median) hospital time was 13 (10) days with no significant difference between the groups. Following treatment, 5% walked without aids, 76% of the patients walked with some aids, and 16% could not walk. The walking ability was not known for 4%. At four months, 59% of the patients were living in their own home (64% before fracture), 18% (25% before) in a nursing home, 5% (11% before) in other accommodation and 18% were dead. After two years, 77% of the hook-pin patients had not needed any re-operation compared to 73% in the AO-screw group. In total a secondary hemi-arthroplasty had been performed in 7% and total hip arthroplasty in 12% of the patients. Extraction only of osteosynthesis material had been performed in 5%. The difference in the reoperation rates between the two methods was not significant. In the undisplaced fractures, 84% of the patients had not: needed any reoperation after two years compared to 70% among the displaced fractures. Major reoperation had been performed in 10% (1% hemi and 9% total hip arthroplasty) in the patients with undisplaced fractures compared to 26% in those with displaced fractures (10% hemi, 16% total hip arthroplasty and 1% Girdlestone operation). The remaining patients had only undergone removal of metalwork. Osteosynthesis thus proved to be a successful operation in many of the patients with displaced fractures. A preoperative, prognostic-based selection between osteosynthesis and arthroplasty is the future goal for optimised femoral neck fracture treatment.},
  author       = {Mjorud, Jan and Skaro, Olav and Helge Solhaug, Jan and Thorngren, Karl-Göran},
  issn         = {1879-0267},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {8},
  pages        = {768--777},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Injury},
  title        = {A randomised study in all cervical hip fractures Osteosynthesis with Hansson hook-pins versus AO-screws in 199 consecutive patients followed for two years},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.injury.2006.01.001},
  doi          = {10.1016/j.injury.2006.01.001},
  volume       = {37},
  year         = {2006},
}