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c-Abl kinase regulates neutrophil extracellular trap formation, inflammation, and tissue damage in severe acute pancreatitis

Madhi, Raed LU ; Rahman, Milladur LU ; Mörgelin, Matthias LU and Thorlacius, Henrik LU (2019) In Journal of Leukocyte Biology
Abstract

Neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) are involved in acute pancreatitis (AP) but mechanisms controlling NET expulsion in AP are incompletely understood. Herein, we examined the role of c-Abelson (c-Abl) kinase in NET formation and tissue damage in severe AP. AP was induced by taurocholate infusion into pancreatic duct or intraperitoneal administration of l-arginine in mice. Pancreatic, lung, and blood samples were collected and levels of phosphorylated c-Abl kinase, citrullinated histone 3, DNA-histone complexes, myeloperoxidase, amylase, cytokines, and CXC chemokines were quantified. Citrullinated histone 3, reactive oxygen species (ROS), and NET formation were determined in bone marrow neutrophils. Taurocholate challenge increased... (More)

Neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) are involved in acute pancreatitis (AP) but mechanisms controlling NET expulsion in AP are incompletely understood. Herein, we examined the role of c-Abelson (c-Abl) kinase in NET formation and tissue damage in severe AP. AP was induced by taurocholate infusion into pancreatic duct or intraperitoneal administration of l-arginine in mice. Pancreatic, lung, and blood samples were collected and levels of phosphorylated c-Abl kinase, citrullinated histone 3, DNA-histone complexes, myeloperoxidase, amylase, cytokines, and CXC chemokines were quantified. Citrullinated histone 3, reactive oxygen species (ROS), and NET formation were determined in bone marrow neutrophils. Taurocholate challenge increased phosphorylation of c-Abl kinase and levels of citrullinated histone 3 in the pancreas as well as DNA-histone complexes in the plasma. Administration of the c-Abl kinase inhibitor GZD824 not only abolished activation of c-Abl kinase but also decreased levels of citrullinated histone 3 in the pancreas and DNA-histone complexes in the plasma of animals with AP. Moreover, GZD824 decreased plasma levels of amylase, IL-6, and MMP-9 as well as edema, acinar cell necrosis, hemorrhage, CXC chemokine formation, and neutrophil infiltration in the inflamed pancreas. A beneficial effect of c-Abl kinase inhibition was confirmed in l-arginine-induced pancreatitis. In vitro, inhibition of c-Abl kinase reduced TNF-α-induced formation of ROS, histone 3 citrullination, and NETs in isolated bone marrow neutrophils. Our findings demonstrate that c-Abl kinase regulates NET formation in the inflamed pancreas. In addition, inhibition of c-Abl kinase reduced pancreatic tissue inflammation, and damage in AP. Thus, targeting c-Abl kinase might be a useful way to protect the pancreas in severe AP.

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organization
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type
Contribution to journal
publication status
epub
subject
keywords
adhesion, chemokines, histones, leukocyte, pancreas
in
Journal of Leukocyte Biology
publisher
Society for Leukocyte Biology
external identifiers
  • scopus:85062960689
ISSN
0741-5400
DOI
10.1002/JLB.3A0618-222RR
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
5ba6b536-b14b-4c4a-a24b-0442c640b51c
date added to LUP
2019-03-28 13:54:49
date last changed
2019-04-23 04:47:30
@article{5ba6b536-b14b-4c4a-a24b-0442c640b51c,
  abstract     = {<p>Neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) are involved in acute pancreatitis (AP) but mechanisms controlling NET expulsion in AP are incompletely understood. Herein, we examined the role of c-Abelson (c-Abl) kinase in NET formation and tissue damage in severe AP. AP was induced by taurocholate infusion into pancreatic duct or intraperitoneal administration of l-arginine in mice. Pancreatic, lung, and blood samples were collected and levels of phosphorylated c-Abl kinase, citrullinated histone 3, DNA-histone complexes, myeloperoxidase, amylase, cytokines, and CXC chemokines were quantified. Citrullinated histone 3, reactive oxygen species (ROS), and NET formation were determined in bone marrow neutrophils. Taurocholate challenge increased phosphorylation of c-Abl kinase and levels of citrullinated histone 3 in the pancreas as well as DNA-histone complexes in the plasma. Administration of the c-Abl kinase inhibitor GZD824 not only abolished activation of c-Abl kinase but also decreased levels of citrullinated histone 3 in the pancreas and DNA-histone complexes in the plasma of animals with AP. Moreover, GZD824 decreased plasma levels of amylase, IL-6, and MMP-9 as well as edema, acinar cell necrosis, hemorrhage, CXC chemokine formation, and neutrophil infiltration in the inflamed pancreas. A beneficial effect of c-Abl kinase inhibition was confirmed in l-arginine-induced pancreatitis. In vitro, inhibition of c-Abl kinase reduced TNF-α-induced formation of ROS, histone 3 citrullination, and NETs in isolated bone marrow neutrophils. Our findings demonstrate that c-Abl kinase regulates NET formation in the inflamed pancreas. In addition, inhibition of c-Abl kinase reduced pancreatic tissue inflammation, and damage in AP. Thus, targeting c-Abl kinase might be a useful way to protect the pancreas in severe AP.</p>},
  author       = {Madhi, Raed and Rahman, Milladur and Mörgelin, Matthias and Thorlacius, Henrik},
  issn         = {0741-5400},
  keyword      = {adhesion,chemokines,histones,leukocyte,pancreas},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {03},
  publisher    = {Society for Leukocyte Biology},
  series       = {Journal of Leukocyte Biology},
  title        = {c-Abl kinase regulates neutrophil extracellular trap formation, inflammation, and tissue damage in severe acute pancreatitis},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/JLB.3A0618-222RR},
  year         = {2019},
}