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Community resilience to natural disasters in the informal settlements in Mwanza City, Tanzania

Hambati, Herbert and Yengoh, Genesis T. LU (2017) In Journal of Environmental Planning and Management
Abstract

The impacts of natural disasters on communities living in hazard prone areas are wide ranging and complex. In Mwanza, steep slopes, rocky hills and river valleys are inhabited by society's poorest people. These areas are prone to natural disasters. Residents have accumulated coping mechanisms for disaster risks and impact reduction. We combine spatial data, household surveys and data from focus groups to identify and rank areas based on their exposure to major disasters. We also examine household and communal mitigation efforts in relation to these disasters. Most areas of the city are exposed to at least one of the natural disasters studied. Pre- and post-disaster risk reduction measures are influenced by the site of homesteads and the... (More)

The impacts of natural disasters on communities living in hazard prone areas are wide ranging and complex. In Mwanza, steep slopes, rocky hills and river valleys are inhabited by society's poorest people. These areas are prone to natural disasters. Residents have accumulated coping mechanisms for disaster risks and impact reduction. We combine spatial data, household surveys and data from focus groups to identify and rank areas based on their exposure to major disasters. We also examine household and communal mitigation efforts in relation to these disasters. Most areas of the city are exposed to at least one of the natural disasters studied. Pre- and post-disaster risk reduction measures are influenced by the site of homesteads and the socioeconomic situation of households. Current resilience measures are skewed towards the development of physical infrastructure. The challenge of reducing disaster risks in Mwanza involves recognizing the role of non-infrastructure based factors that promote urban resilience to natural disasters.

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Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
epub
subject
keywords
adaptation, hazard, natural disaster, resilience, risk, Tanzania
in
Journal of Environmental Planning and Management
pages
31 pages
publisher
Taylor & Francis
external identifiers
  • scopus:85029708299
ISSN
0964-0568
DOI
10.1080/09640568.2017.1372274
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
5daea02e-bab7-40ac-9732-e2a8f0b74df2
date added to LUP
2017-10-06 08:24:45
date last changed
2018-01-07 12:20:56
@article{5daea02e-bab7-40ac-9732-e2a8f0b74df2,
  abstract     = {<p>The impacts of natural disasters on communities living in hazard prone areas are wide ranging and complex. In Mwanza, steep slopes, rocky hills and river valleys are inhabited by society's poorest people. These areas are prone to natural disasters. Residents have accumulated coping mechanisms for disaster risks and impact reduction. We combine spatial data, household surveys and data from focus groups to identify and rank areas based on their exposure to major disasters. We also examine household and communal mitigation efforts in relation to these disasters. Most areas of the city are exposed to at least one of the natural disasters studied. Pre- and post-disaster risk reduction measures are influenced by the site of homesteads and the socioeconomic situation of households. Current resilience measures are skewed towards the development of physical infrastructure. The challenge of reducing disaster risks in Mwanza involves recognizing the role of non-infrastructure based factors that promote urban resilience to natural disasters.</p>},
  author       = {Hambati, Herbert and Yengoh, Genesis T.},
  issn         = {0964-0568},
  keyword      = {adaptation,hazard,natural disaster,resilience,risk,Tanzania},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {09},
  pages        = {31},
  publisher    = {Taylor & Francis},
  series       = {Journal of Environmental Planning and Management},
  title        = {Community resilience to natural disasters in the informal settlements in Mwanza City, Tanzania},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09640568.2017.1372274},
  year         = {2017},
}