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Copper trade and production of copper, brass and bronze goods in the Oldenburg monarchy : copperworks and copper users in the eighteenth century

Ranestad, Kristin LU (2019) In Scandinavian Economic History Reveiw 67(2). p.190-209
Abstract
This paper explores trade connections – or the lack of such – between copperworks and copper processing plants in the Oldenburg Monarchy in the eighteenth century. Domestic customs areas, high tariffs on raw material export and import bans sought to encourage domestic copper and brass goods production of Norwegian copper raw material, however this was only realised halfway. The raw material from Norway was largely exported, and copper and brass materials used to produce copper-, brass and bronze goods were imported from all over the world. The copperworks and processing plants in the Monarchy never became strongly integrated due to several reasons. First, shareholders of copperworks acquired favourable credit deals abroad, and preferred to... (More)
This paper explores trade connections – or the lack of such – between copperworks and copper processing plants in the Oldenburg Monarchy in the eighteenth century. Domestic customs areas, high tariffs on raw material export and import bans sought to encourage domestic copper and brass goods production of Norwegian copper raw material, however this was only realised halfway. The raw material from Norway was largely exported, and copper and brass materials used to produce copper-, brass and bronze goods were imported from all over the world. The copperworks and processing plants in the Monarchy never became strongly integrated due to several reasons. First, shareholders of copperworks acquired favourable credit deals abroad, and preferred to export the copper, and second, copper materials had different features and processing plants used all sorts of copper inputs in the making of goods, not only copper raw material. Norway produced mostly gar copper, so copper plants and coppersmiths had to turn elsewhere for other types of copper. Production of copper and brass goods increased, but did not meet the domestic demand partly due to a strong foreign competition. The optimal goal of ‘mercantilist theory’ regarding copper and brass import substitution was not reached. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Mining, Copper, Oldenburg Monarchy, Trade
in
Scandinavian Economic History Reveiw
volume
67
issue
2
pages
190 - 209
publisher
Routledge
external identifiers
  • scopus:85060037998
ISSN
1750-2837
DOI
10.1080/03585522.2019.1566767
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
5ec3f81f-3984-4595-b773-0cf674eda609
date added to LUP
2019-01-14 13:11:22
date last changed
2020-01-13 01:21:45
@article{5ec3f81f-3984-4595-b773-0cf674eda609,
  abstract     = {This paper explores trade connections – or the lack of such – between copperworks and copper processing plants in the Oldenburg Monarchy in the eighteenth century. Domestic customs areas, high tariffs on raw material export and import bans sought to encourage domestic copper and brass goods production of Norwegian copper raw material, however this was only realised halfway. The raw material from Norway was largely exported, and copper and brass materials used to produce copper-, brass and bronze goods were imported from all over the world. The copperworks and processing plants in the Monarchy never became strongly integrated due to several reasons. First, shareholders of copperworks acquired favourable credit deals abroad, and preferred to export the copper, and second, copper materials had different features and processing plants used all sorts of copper inputs in the making of goods, not only copper raw material. Norway produced mostly gar copper, so copper plants and coppersmiths had to turn elsewhere for other types of copper. Production of copper and brass goods increased, but did not meet the domestic demand partly due to a strong foreign competition. The optimal goal of ‘mercantilist theory’ regarding copper and brass import substitution was not reached.},
  author       = {Ranestad, Kristin},
  issn         = {1750-2837},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {01},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {190--209},
  publisher    = {Routledge},
  series       = {Scandinavian Economic History Reveiw},
  title        = {Copper trade and production of copper, brass and bronze goods in the Oldenburg monarchy : copperworks and copper users in the eighteenth century},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03585522.2019.1566767},
  doi          = {10.1080/03585522.2019.1566767},
  volume       = {67},
  year         = {2019},
}