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Regional innovation systems: The integration of local 'sticky' and global 'ubiquitous' knowledge

Asheim, Björn LU and Isaksen, Arne (2002) In Journal of Technology Transfer 27(1). p.77-86
Abstract
The paper examines how firms in three regional clusters in Norway dominated by shipbuilding, mechanical engineering and electronics industry, respectively exploit both place-specific local resources as well as external, world-class knowledge to strengthen their competitiveness. From these case-studies we make four points: (1) ideal-typical regional innovation systems, i.e., regional clusters "surrounded" by supporting local organisations, is rather uncommon in Norway; (2) external contacts, outside of the local industrial milieu, are crucial in innovation processes also in many SMEs; (3) innovation processes may nevertheless be regarded as regional phenomena in regional clusters, as regional resources and collaborative networks often have... (More)
The paper examines how firms in three regional clusters in Norway dominated by shipbuilding, mechanical engineering and electronics industry, respectively exploit both place-specific local resources as well as external, world-class knowledge to strengthen their competitiveness. From these case-studies we make four points: (1) ideal-typical regional innovation systems, i.e., regional clusters "surrounded" by supporting local organisations, is rather uncommon in Norway; (2) external contacts, outside of the local industrial milieu, are crucial in innovation processes also in many SMEs; (3) innovation processes may nevertheless be regarded as regional phenomena in regional clusters, as regional resources and collaborative networks often have decisive significance for firms' innovation activity; and (4) regional resources include in particular place-specific, contextual knowledge of both tacit and codified nature, that, in combination, is rather geographically immobile. (Less)
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organization
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Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Journal of Technology Transfer
volume
27
issue
1
pages
77 - 86
publisher
Springer
external identifiers
  • scopus:0008933483
ISSN
0892-9912
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
b69d354c-602b-44c4-a9c8-7ad24f1b0ecc (old id 603977)
alternative location
http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?index=0&did=404975491&SrchMode=1&sid=1&Fmt=10&VInst=PROD&VType=PQD&RQT=309&VName=PQD&TS=1197456655&clientId=53681
date added to LUP
2007-12-12 11:51:50
date last changed
2017-12-10 04:27:31
@article{b69d354c-602b-44c4-a9c8-7ad24f1b0ecc,
  abstract     = {The paper examines how firms in three regional clusters in Norway dominated by shipbuilding, mechanical engineering and electronics industry, respectively exploit both place-specific local resources as well as external, world-class knowledge to strengthen their competitiveness. From these case-studies we make four points: (1) ideal-typical regional innovation systems, i.e., regional clusters "surrounded" by supporting local organisations, is rather uncommon in Norway; (2) external contacts, outside of the local industrial milieu, are crucial in innovation processes also in many SMEs; (3) innovation processes may nevertheless be regarded as regional phenomena in regional clusters, as regional resources and collaborative networks often have decisive significance for firms' innovation activity; and (4) regional resources include in particular place-specific, contextual knowledge of both tacit and codified nature, that, in combination, is rather geographically immobile.},
  author       = {Asheim, Björn and Isaksen, Arne},
  issn         = {0892-9912},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {77--86},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {Journal of Technology Transfer},
  title        = {Regional innovation systems: The integration of local 'sticky' and global 'ubiquitous' knowledge},
  volume       = {27},
  year         = {2002},
}