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Strategies for reducing emissions of air pollutants from the Swedish transporation sector

Johansson, Bengt LU (1995) In Transportation Research. Part A: Policy & Practice 29(5). p.371-385
Abstract
Different strategies for reducing emissions of nitrogen oxides and carbon dioxide from the Swedish transportation sector are evaluated by making scenarios for the year 2015, using a bottom-up approach. Methods for reducing emissions of carbon monoxide, hydrocarbons, and sulphur dioxide are discussed more briefly. The scenarios are based on official forecasts of future passenger and goods transport. They indicate that tail-pipe nitrogen-oxide (NOx) emissions from the transportation sector can be reduced by 50% by 2015, compared to 1991, if the average performance of vehicles (with respect to energy efficiency and tailpipe emissions) in 2015 equals that of today's best commercially available technology. Tail-pipe emissions of carbon dioxide... (More)
Different strategies for reducing emissions of nitrogen oxides and carbon dioxide from the Swedish transportation sector are evaluated by making scenarios for the year 2015, using a bottom-up approach. Methods for reducing emissions of carbon monoxide, hydrocarbons, and sulphur dioxide are discussed more briefly. The scenarios are based on official forecasts of future passenger and goods transport. They indicate that tail-pipe nitrogen-oxide (NOx) emissions from the transportation sector can be reduced by 50% by 2015, compared to 1991, if the average performance of vehicles (with respect to energy efficiency and tailpipe emissions) in 2015 equals that of today's best commercially available technology. Tail-pipe emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) can be stabilized at today's level. With further technical development and the use of fuels from renewable sources of energy, NOx emissions can be reduced by 75% and CO2 emissions by 80% compared to 1991. The average cost of reducing CO2 emissions, by replacing fossil fuels with biomass-based methanol in all road vehicles, using internal combustion engines, is estimated to $1993 260/tonne C, at current fuel prices. Current Swedish carbon-taxes are some $160/tonne C. More advanced end-use technologies, such as fuel cells, could reduce the cost of using methanol in the future. Electric vehicles are not studied in the scenarios but are found in a comparison to have the potential to reduce not only local air pollution but also total emissions of CO2 and NOx. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Transportation Research. Part A: Policy & Practice
volume
29
issue
5
pages
371 - 385
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • scopus:0029416766
ISSN
0965-8564
DOI
10.1016/0965-8564(95)00003-7
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
4982257b-f127-41d4-bdb3-798038afbca1 (old id 604400)
date added to LUP
2009-03-30 10:28:02
date last changed
2017-01-01 07:13:31
@article{4982257b-f127-41d4-bdb3-798038afbca1,
  abstract     = {Different strategies for reducing emissions of nitrogen oxides and carbon dioxide from the Swedish transportation sector are evaluated by making scenarios for the year 2015, using a bottom-up approach. Methods for reducing emissions of carbon monoxide, hydrocarbons, and sulphur dioxide are discussed more briefly. The scenarios are based on official forecasts of future passenger and goods transport. They indicate that tail-pipe nitrogen-oxide (NOx) emissions from the transportation sector can be reduced by 50% by 2015, compared to 1991, if the average performance of vehicles (with respect to energy efficiency and tailpipe emissions) in 2015 equals that of today's best commercially available technology. Tail-pipe emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) can be stabilized at today's level. With further technical development and the use of fuels from renewable sources of energy, NOx emissions can be reduced by 75% and CO2 emissions by 80% compared to 1991. The average cost of reducing CO2 emissions, by replacing fossil fuels with biomass-based methanol in all road vehicles, using internal combustion engines, is estimated to $1993 260/tonne C, at current fuel prices. Current Swedish carbon-taxes are some $160/tonne C. More advanced end-use technologies, such as fuel cells, could reduce the cost of using methanol in the future. Electric vehicles are not studied in the scenarios but are found in a comparison to have the potential to reduce not only local air pollution but also total emissions of CO2 and NOx.},
  author       = {Johansson, Bengt},
  issn         = {0965-8564},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {371--385},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Transportation Research. Part A: Policy & Practice},
  title        = {Strategies for reducing emissions of air pollutants from the Swedish transporation sector},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0965-8564(95)00003-7},
  volume       = {29},
  year         = {1995},
}