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Mainstreaming risk reduction in urban planning and housing: a challenge for international aid organisations

Wamsler, Christine LU (2006) In Disasters 30(2). p.151-177
Abstract
The effects of 'natural' disasters in cities can be worse than in other environments, with poor and marginalised urban communities in the developing world being most at risk. To avoid post-disaster destruction and the forced eviction of these communities, proactive and preventive urban planning, including housing, is required. This paper examines current perceptions and practices within international aid organisations regarding the existing and potential roles of urban planning as a tool for reducing disaster risk. It reveals that urban planning confronts many of the generic challenges to mainstreaming risk reduction in development planning. However, it faces additional barriers. The main reasons for the identified lack of integration of... (More)
The effects of 'natural' disasters in cities can be worse than in other environments, with poor and marginalised urban communities in the developing world being most at risk. To avoid post-disaster destruction and the forced eviction of these communities, proactive and preventive urban planning, including housing, is required. This paper examines current perceptions and practices within international aid organisations regarding the existing and potential roles of urban planning as a tool for reducing disaster risk. It reveals that urban planning confronts many of the generic challenges to mainstreaming risk reduction in development planning. However, it faces additional barriers. The main reasons for the identified lack of integration of urban planning and risk reduction are, first, the marginal position of both fields within international aid organisations, and second, an incompatibility between the respective professional disciplines. To achieve better integration, a conceptual shift from conventional to non-traditional urban planning is proposed. This paper suggests related operative measures and initiatives to achieve this change. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
risk reduction, disaster, developing countries, prevention, housing, urban planning
in
Disasters
volume
30
issue
2
pages
151 - 177
publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
external identifiers
  • pmid:16689916
  • wos:000237949400001
  • scopus:33646477115
ISSN
1467-7717
DOI
10.1111/j.0361-3666.2006.00313.x
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
60de6870-a609-4ed2-98c2-e042d8f1aa6e (old id 693177)
date added to LUP
2008-01-04 16:18:43
date last changed
2019-10-29 03:55:19
@article{60de6870-a609-4ed2-98c2-e042d8f1aa6e,
  abstract     = {The effects of 'natural' disasters in cities can be worse than in other environments, with poor and marginalised urban communities in the developing world being most at risk. To avoid post-disaster destruction and the forced eviction of these communities, proactive and preventive urban planning, including housing, is required. This paper examines current perceptions and practices within international aid organisations regarding the existing and potential roles of urban planning as a tool for reducing disaster risk. It reveals that urban planning confronts many of the generic challenges to mainstreaming risk reduction in development planning. However, it faces additional barriers. The main reasons for the identified lack of integration of urban planning and risk reduction are, first, the marginal position of both fields within international aid organisations, and second, an incompatibility between the respective professional disciplines. To achieve better integration, a conceptual shift from conventional to non-traditional urban planning is proposed. This paper suggests related operative measures and initiatives to achieve this change.},
  author       = {Wamsler, Christine},
  issn         = {1467-7717},
  keyword      = {risk reduction,disaster,developing countries,prevention,housing,urban planning},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {151--177},
  publisher    = {Wiley-Blackwell},
  series       = {Disasters},
  title        = {Mainstreaming risk reduction in urban planning and housing: a challenge for international aid organisations},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.0361-3666.2006.00313.x},
  volume       = {30},
  year         = {2006},
}