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Fidelity evaluation model for planetary mission simulators: Part-I: Simonaut survey

Mohanty, Susmita LU ; Mount, Frances and Nyström, Maria LU (2006) Space 2006 Conference In Collection of Technical Papers - Space 2006 Conference 3. p.1690-1701
Abstract
Space agencies are planning the next generation simulators in preparation for future human missions to Moon and Mars. Simulators serve as tools to test new technologies, habitat design, procedures, protocols, physiological requirements and psychological countermeasures. This paper focuses on simulator fidelity. Simulator fidelity, as defined by the research team, is: The degree to which a simulator system accurately reproduces the habitat (and/or transit vehicle) conditions, the Planetary Body of Interest (PBI) environment, procedures, protocols and operations of a real mission. Simulator fidelity is critical because the data collected and lessons learnt from simulations are intended for application towards the design of real space... (More)
Space agencies are planning the next generation simulators in preparation for future human missions to Moon and Mars. Simulators serve as tools to test new technologies, habitat design, procedures, protocols, physiological requirements and psychological countermeasures. This paper focuses on simulator fidelity. Simulator fidelity, as defined by the research team, is: The degree to which a simulator system accurately reproduces the habitat (and/or transit vehicle) conditions, the Planetary Body of Interest (PBI) environment, procedures, protocols and operations of a real mission. Simulator fidelity is critical because the data collected and lessons learnt from simulations are intended for application towards the design of real space missions in the future. If simulator fidelity is compromised, then the simulation data generated might lead to erroneous conclusions. If such data is then used in the design of real missions, it has the potential to adversely affect the crew and in the worst case, even jeopardize the mission. The paper begins with the definition and overview of simulators. This is followed by a discussion about fidelity standards outlined in a recent study by the European Space Agency and recommendations emerging from a workshop in Colorado focusing on improving the quality of future simulators. These recommendations reinforce the need for a 'Fidelity Evaluation Model' to measure, compare and improve fidelity of future simulators. As a first step towards the development of a Fidelity Evaluation Model, the authors gather data associated with simulator fidelity via a questionnaire-based survey of simulator crew members, referred to as simonauts. The authors debrief simonauts from the NASA Lunar Mars Test Project and the Mars Society simulations. The paper concludes with a summary of the survey outcome and a brief discussion of what the authors envision as the next steps in the development of the Fidelity Evaluation Model. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Planetary Body of Interest (PBI), Human missions, Simulator fidelity, Habitat design
in
Collection of Technical Papers - Space 2006 Conference
volume
3
pages
1690 - 1701
publisher
American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics
conference name
Space 2006 Conference
external identifiers
  • Scopus:33846542652
ISBN
1563478242
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
2857fd86-132e-49e0-8467-a141b5c9ab8c (old id 617119)
alternative location
http://www.spacearchitect.org/pubs/pub.htm
date added to LUP
2007-11-24 11:51:58
date last changed
2017-01-01 07:57:24
@inproceedings{2857fd86-132e-49e0-8467-a141b5c9ab8c,
  abstract     = {Space agencies are planning the next generation simulators in preparation for future human missions to Moon and Mars. Simulators serve as tools to test new technologies, habitat design, procedures, protocols, physiological requirements and psychological countermeasures. This paper focuses on simulator fidelity. Simulator fidelity, as defined by the research team, is: The degree to which a simulator system accurately reproduces the habitat (and/or transit vehicle) conditions, the Planetary Body of Interest (PBI) environment, procedures, protocols and operations of a real mission. Simulator fidelity is critical because the data collected and lessons learnt from simulations are intended for application towards the design of real space missions in the future. If simulator fidelity is compromised, then the simulation data generated might lead to erroneous conclusions. If such data is then used in the design of real missions, it has the potential to adversely affect the crew and in the worst case, even jeopardize the mission. The paper begins with the definition and overview of simulators. This is followed by a discussion about fidelity standards outlined in a recent study by the European Space Agency and recommendations emerging from a workshop in Colorado focusing on improving the quality of future simulators. These recommendations reinforce the need for a 'Fidelity Evaluation Model' to measure, compare and improve fidelity of future simulators. As a first step towards the development of a Fidelity Evaluation Model, the authors gather data associated with simulator fidelity via a questionnaire-based survey of simulator crew members, referred to as simonauts. The authors debrief simonauts from the NASA Lunar Mars Test Project and the Mars Society simulations. The paper concludes with a summary of the survey outcome and a brief discussion of what the authors envision as the next steps in the development of the Fidelity Evaluation Model.},
  author       = {Mohanty, Susmita and Mount, Frances and Nyström, Maria},
  booktitle    = {Collection of Technical Papers - Space 2006 Conference},
  isbn         = {1563478242},
  keyword      = {Planetary Body of Interest (PBI),Human missions,Simulator fidelity,Habitat design},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {1690--1701},
  publisher    = {American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics},
  title        = {Fidelity evaluation model for planetary mission simulators: Part-I: Simonaut survey},
  volume       = {3},
  year         = {2006},
}