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A psychometric evaluation of the Temperament in Middle Childhood Questionnaire (TMCQ) in a Swedish sample

Nystrom, Beatrice LU and Bengtsson, Hans LU (2017) In Scandinavian Journal of Psychology 58(6). p.477-484
Abstract

Personality is generally considered to be biologically founded in temperament, and temperamental qualities have proven to be relatively stable across childhood and into adulthood (Caspi, Roberts & Shiner,). Temperament predicts important developmental outcomes such as academic performance (Muris,), and social functioning (Eisenberg, Fabes, Guthrie & Reiser,), and it has also been found to be strongly related to the etiology and maintenance of internalizing and externalizing psychopathology in children (Muris, Meesters & Blijlevens,; Nigg,). To allow for the possibility of making early interventions, identification of potential risk factors (such as temperamental dispositions) is of great importance (Rettew & McKee,). As... (More)

Personality is generally considered to be biologically founded in temperament, and temperamental qualities have proven to be relatively stable across childhood and into adulthood (Caspi, Roberts & Shiner,). Temperament predicts important developmental outcomes such as academic performance (Muris,), and social functioning (Eisenberg, Fabes, Guthrie & Reiser,), and it has also been found to be strongly related to the etiology and maintenance of internalizing and externalizing psychopathology in children (Muris, Meesters & Blijlevens,; Nigg,). To allow for the possibility of making early interventions, identification of potential risk factors (such as temperamental dispositions) is of great importance (Rettew & McKee,). As temperament is multidimensional and has many different manifestations, parents and teachers are valuable sources in providing information about children's temperament (Rothbart & Bates,; Tackett, Slobodskaya, Mar et al.,), and caregiver questionnaires are frequently used in child personality research. However, such questionnaires are only useful if their reliability and validity have been established. The aim of the present study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Temperament in Middle Childhood Questionnaire (TMCQ; Simonds, Kieras, Rueda & Rothbart,), which focuses specifically on the ages between 7 and 11 years. The TMCQ is the least validated of the Rothbart measures, and although reliability data have been presented, together with some validity data, for a computerized self-report version of the questionnaire (Simonds & Rothbart,), information about the reliability and validity for the caregiver version is scant. In the present paper, we report such data for a Swedish sample.

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publication status
published
subject
keywords
evaluation, middle childhood, questionnaire, Temperament
in
Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
volume
58
issue
6
pages
8 pages
publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
external identifiers
  • scopus:85032942446
ISSN
0036-5564
DOI
10.1111/sjop.12393
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
626762fe-7128-49ce-abbc-3fc4f1cf85a2
date added to LUP
2017-11-16 07:37:49
date last changed
2018-01-07 12:25:53
@article{626762fe-7128-49ce-abbc-3fc4f1cf85a2,
  abstract     = {<p>Personality is generally considered to be biologically founded in temperament, and temperamental qualities have proven to be relatively stable across childhood and into adulthood (Caspi, Roberts &amp; Shiner,). Temperament predicts important developmental outcomes such as academic performance (Muris,), and social functioning (Eisenberg, Fabes, Guthrie &amp; Reiser,), and it has also been found to be strongly related to the etiology and maintenance of internalizing and externalizing psychopathology in children (Muris, Meesters &amp; Blijlevens,; Nigg,). To allow for the possibility of making early interventions, identification of potential risk factors (such as temperamental dispositions) is of great importance (Rettew &amp; McKee,). As temperament is multidimensional and has many different manifestations, parents and teachers are valuable sources in providing information about children's temperament (Rothbart &amp; Bates,; Tackett, Slobodskaya, Mar et al.,), and caregiver questionnaires are frequently used in child personality research. However, such questionnaires are only useful if their reliability and validity have been established. The aim of the present study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Temperament in Middle Childhood Questionnaire (TMCQ; Simonds, Kieras, Rueda &amp; Rothbart,), which focuses specifically on the ages between 7 and 11 years. The TMCQ is the least validated of the Rothbart measures, and although reliability data have been presented, together with some validity data, for a computerized self-report version of the questionnaire (Simonds &amp; Rothbart,), information about the reliability and validity for the caregiver version is scant. In the present paper, we report such data for a Swedish sample.</p>},
  author       = {Nystrom, Beatrice and Bengtsson, Hans},
  issn         = {0036-5564},
  keyword      = {evaluation,middle childhood,questionnaire,Temperament},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {12},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {477--484},
  publisher    = {Wiley-Blackwell},
  series       = {Scandinavian Journal of Psychology},
  title        = {A psychometric evaluation of the Temperament in Middle Childhood Questionnaire (TMCQ) in a Swedish sample},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/sjop.12393},
  volume       = {58},
  year         = {2017},
}