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Distribution of extraterrestrial chromite in Middle Ordovician Komstad Limestone in the Killeröd Quarry, southern Sweden

Häggström, T. and Schmitz, Birger LU (2007) In Bulletin of the Geological Society of Denmark 55. p.37-58
Abstract
Sediment-dispersed extraterrestrial chromite grains (63-355 mu m) have been recovered in a section across the Arenig-Llanvirn transition in the Killerod quarry in southeastern Scania. Previous studies of the same stratigraphic interval in the Orthoceratite Limestone at Kinnekulle, ca. 350 km to the north in Vastergotland, have shown a two orders of magnitude increase in extraterrestrial chromite beginning close to the Arenig-Llanvirn boundary. The stratigraphic distribution and abundance trends of extraterrestrial chromite are essentially identical at Killerod and Kinnekulle. In the Killerod section extraterrestrial chromite grains are extremely rare (2 grains/125 kg of rock) in the Arenig lower 8 m of the section (Megistaspis simon to... (More)
Sediment-dispersed extraterrestrial chromite grains (63-355 mu m) have been recovered in a section across the Arenig-Llanvirn transition in the Killerod quarry in southeastern Scania. Previous studies of the same stratigraphic interval in the Orthoceratite Limestone at Kinnekulle, ca. 350 km to the north in Vastergotland, have shown a two orders of magnitude increase in extraterrestrial chromite beginning close to the Arenig-Llanvirn boundary. The stratigraphic distribution and abundance trends of extraterrestrial chromite are essentially identical at Killerod and Kinnekulle. In the Killerod section extraterrestrial chromite grains are extremely rare (2 grains/125 kg of rock) in the Arenig lower 8 m of the section (Megistaspis simon to Asaphus expansus trilobite zones) and abundant (326 grains/162 kg of rock) in the succeeding ca. 3 m of uppermost Arenig and lower Llanvirn (upper A. expansus and A. raniceps zones) section. The extraterrestrial chromite grains at Killerod and Kinnekulle are very similar in chemical composition, including characteristic elevated values and narrow ranges of V2O3 (0.6-0.9 wt%) and TiO2 (2.0-3.5 wt%). At Killerod there is a small group (<4%) of chromite grains with relatively low TiO2 (1.5-2.0 wt%), but otherwise typical extraterrestrial compositions. These grains may reflect a somewhat more aggressive diagenetic environment at Killerod than at Kinnekulle. As in previous studies, rare chrome spinel grains with terrestrial or uncertain origin have also been found in the limestone. The results of this study support previous suggestions that after the disruption of the L chondrite parent body in the asteroid belt at ca. 470 Ma, the flux of extraterrestrial matter to Earth was enhanced by up to two orders of magnitude compared to the present. This is supported by finds in Sweden of abundant fossil meteorites in uppermost Arenig and lower Llanvirn sediments. Whether these conclusions can be put into a global context awaits further study of Middle Ordovician limestones from other continents. (Less)
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organization
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Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
fossil meteorites, meteorite flux, L chondrite, chromite Komstad Limestone chrome spinel Middle Ordovician, Arenig-Llanvirn boundary
in
Bulletin of the Geological Society of Denmark
volume
55
pages
37 - 58
publisher
Geological Society of Denmark
external identifiers
  • wos:000252800800003
  • scopus:38649122108
ISSN
0011-6297
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
e7145f9c-d857-425e-ac66-bc7e68beaa03 (old id 635138)
date added to LUP
2007-12-13 15:44:02
date last changed
2017-01-01 07:08:04
@article{e7145f9c-d857-425e-ac66-bc7e68beaa03,
  abstract     = {Sediment-dispersed extraterrestrial chromite grains (63-355 mu m) have been recovered in a section across the Arenig-Llanvirn transition in the Killerod quarry in southeastern Scania. Previous studies of the same stratigraphic interval in the Orthoceratite Limestone at Kinnekulle, ca. 350 km to the north in Vastergotland, have shown a two orders of magnitude increase in extraterrestrial chromite beginning close to the Arenig-Llanvirn boundary. The stratigraphic distribution and abundance trends of extraterrestrial chromite are essentially identical at Killerod and Kinnekulle. In the Killerod section extraterrestrial chromite grains are extremely rare (2 grains/125 kg of rock) in the Arenig lower 8 m of the section (Megistaspis simon to Asaphus expansus trilobite zones) and abundant (326 grains/162 kg of rock) in the succeeding ca. 3 m of uppermost Arenig and lower Llanvirn (upper A. expansus and A. raniceps zones) section. The extraterrestrial chromite grains at Killerod and Kinnekulle are very similar in chemical composition, including characteristic elevated values and narrow ranges of V2O3 (0.6-0.9 wt%) and TiO2 (2.0-3.5 wt%). At Killerod there is a small group (&lt;4%) of chromite grains with relatively low TiO2 (1.5-2.0 wt%), but otherwise typical extraterrestrial compositions. These grains may reflect a somewhat more aggressive diagenetic environment at Killerod than at Kinnekulle. As in previous studies, rare chrome spinel grains with terrestrial or uncertain origin have also been found in the limestone. The results of this study support previous suggestions that after the disruption of the L chondrite parent body in the asteroid belt at ca. 470 Ma, the flux of extraterrestrial matter to Earth was enhanced by up to two orders of magnitude compared to the present. This is supported by finds in Sweden of abundant fossil meteorites in uppermost Arenig and lower Llanvirn sediments. Whether these conclusions can be put into a global context awaits further study of Middle Ordovician limestones from other continents.},
  author       = {Häggström, T. and Schmitz, Birger},
  issn         = {0011-6297},
  keyword      = {fossil meteorites,meteorite flux,L chondrite,chromite
Komstad Limestone
chrome spinel
Middle Ordovician,Arenig-Llanvirn boundary},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {37--58},
  publisher    = {Geological Society of Denmark},
  series       = {Bulletin of the Geological Society of Denmark},
  title        = {Distribution of extraterrestrial chromite in Middle Ordovician Komstad Limestone in the Killeröd Quarry, southern Sweden},
  volume       = {55},
  year         = {2007},
}