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Semi-natural grassland continuity, long-term land-use change and plant species richness in an agricultural landscape on Öland, Sweden

Johansson, Lotten; Hall, Karin LU ; Prentice, Honor C LU ; Ihse, Margareta; Reitalu, Triin LU ; Sykes, Martin LU and Kindström, Merit (2008) In Landscape and Urban Planning 84(3-4). p.200-211
Abstract
The study characterizes historical land-use change and the development of semi-natural grassland habitats, over 274 years, within a mosaic

agricultural landscape (22 km2) on the island of O¨ land (Sweden). We also explore the relationship between previous land-use, habitat continuity

and present-day vascular plant species richness in grassland patches. Land-cover maps, based on cadastral maps and aerial photographs, were

produced for six time-periods between 1723/1733 and 1994/1997. In 1723/1733, the landscape was dominated by grasslands, with arable land

surrounding the villages. The grassland area decreased throughout the study period and grassland patches became progressively more ... (More)
The study characterizes historical land-use change and the development of semi-natural grassland habitats, over 274 years, within a mosaic

agricultural landscape (22 km2) on the island of O¨ land (Sweden). We also explore the relationship between previous land-use, habitat continuity

and present-day vascular plant species richness in grassland patches. Land-cover maps, based on cadastral maps and aerial photographs, were

produced for six time-periods between 1723/1733 and 1994/1997. In 1723/1733, the landscape was dominated by grasslands, with arable land

surrounding the villages. The grassland area decreased throughout the study period and grassland patches became progressively more fragmented.

Present-day grasslands represent 18% of the grassland area in 1723/1733. The land-use structure of the early 18th century is still evident in the

modern landscape. The majority of the present-day grasslands are situated on former common grazing land and have had a continuity of at least

274 years: the remaining grasslands are younger and developed during the 20th century on arable or forested land. The proportion of plant species

that depend on grazing and are characteristic of semi-natural grasslands significantly reflects the continuity and previous land-use of grassland

sites. The study illustrates the way in which information on historical land-use and habitat continuity can help to explain the structuring of plant

assemblages in semi-natural grasslands within the modern landscape. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Rural landscape, Land-use history, Habitat continuity, Aerial photographs, Cadastral maps, Vascular plant species
in
Landscape and Urban Planning
volume
84
issue
3-4
pages
200 - 211
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000253749800003
  • scopus:38849178127
ISSN
1872-6062
DOI
10.1016/j.landurbplan.2007.08.001
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
ee75fad1-530e-4de9-b45b-99fdc8dc3c64 (old id 639316)
date added to LUP
2007-12-03 12:08:47
date last changed
2017-10-01 03:51:09
@article{ee75fad1-530e-4de9-b45b-99fdc8dc3c64,
  abstract     = {The study characterizes historical land-use change and the development of semi-natural grassland habitats, over 274 years, within a mosaic<br/><br>
agricultural landscape (22 km2) on the island of O¨ land (Sweden). We also explore the relationship between previous land-use, habitat continuity<br/><br>
and present-day vascular plant species richness in grassland patches. Land-cover maps, based on cadastral maps and aerial photographs, were<br/><br>
produced for six time-periods between 1723/1733 and 1994/1997. In 1723/1733, the landscape was dominated by grasslands, with arable land<br/><br>
surrounding the villages. The grassland area decreased throughout the study period and grassland patches became progressively more fragmented.<br/><br>
Present-day grasslands represent 18% of the grassland area in 1723/1733. The land-use structure of the early 18th century is still evident in the<br/><br>
modern landscape. The majority of the present-day grasslands are situated on former common grazing land and have had a continuity of at least<br/><br>
274 years: the remaining grasslands are younger and developed during the 20th century on arable or forested land. The proportion of plant species<br/><br>
that depend on grazing and are characteristic of semi-natural grasslands significantly reflects the continuity and previous land-use of grassland<br/><br>
sites. The study illustrates the way in which information on historical land-use and habitat continuity can help to explain the structuring of plant<br/><br>
assemblages in semi-natural grasslands within the modern landscape.},
  author       = {Johansson, Lotten and Hall, Karin and Prentice, Honor C and Ihse, Margareta and Reitalu, Triin and Sykes, Martin and Kindström, Merit},
  issn         = {1872-6062},
  keyword      = {Rural landscape,Land-use history,Habitat continuity,Aerial photographs,Cadastral maps,Vascular plant species},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3-4},
  pages        = {200--211},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Landscape and Urban Planning},
  title        = {Semi-natural grassland continuity, long-term land-use change and plant species richness in an agricultural landscape on Öland, Sweden},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.landurbplan.2007.08.001},
  volume       = {84},
  year         = {2008},
}