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Sustainability and biodiversity: from policy to implementation, with examples from Swedish forests

Niklasson, Mats; Nilsson, Sven LU ; Hedin, Jonas LU ; Caldiz, M and Bobiec, A (2005) In Journal of Sustainable Forestry 21(2-3). p.213-226
Abstract
The implementation of the Rio protocol and the preservation of biodiversity at national and regional level is an important step in achieving a sustainable forestry. This is indeed a challenging task since our knowledge of the ecology and habitat demands for but a few species is severely restricted. Research in the last years show that forest species have very different qualitative and spatial demands on their environment which requires complex and broad solutions. This poses a great problem for conservation and often forces societies/decision-makers to take decisions based on assumptions rather than on empirical data. With assumptions follow uncertainty, a factor thatwhich is necessary to controltake account of. We identify and discuss the... (More)
The implementation of the Rio protocol and the preservation of biodiversity at national and regional level is an important step in achieving a sustainable forestry. This is indeed a challenging task since our knowledge of the ecology and habitat demands for but a few species is severely restricted. Research in the last years show that forest species have very different qualitative and spatial demands on their environment which requires complex and broad solutions. This poses a great problem for conservation and often forces societies/decision-makers to take decisions based on assumptions rather than on empirical data. With assumptions follow uncertainty, a factor thatwhich is necessary to controltake account of. We identify and discuss the uncertainties of steps that are considered to be important for preserving biodiversity on a regional level and exemplify this with cases from southern Sweden. We argue that there is no universal solution for the conservation of biodiversity. In strongly fragmented and transformed regions like southern Sweden, a mix of species approaches and ecosystem approaches is necessary for biodiversity conservation. Programs for preserving biodiversity should be flexible, not rigid for allowing modifications due to a constantly increasing body of knowledge and ambiental changes. Prominent gaps in our knowledge include species dispersal ability and propensity, extinction rates and the species dependence on fragmentation and landscape history. It is possible that the question of responsibility species may gain in importance, an issue with far-reaching implications for economy and inter-regional compensatory systems (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
extinction debt, red-listed species, southern Sweden, dispersal, Conservation policies
in
Journal of Sustainable Forestry
volume
21
issue
2-3
pages
213 - 226
publisher
Haworth Press
external identifiers
  • scopus:33645782784
ISSN
1054-9811
DOI
10.1300/J091v21n02_13
project
SUFOR
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
902533fc-bf25-4936-a9ec-89796eefbc47 (old id 644921)
date added to LUP
2007-12-04 12:52:31
date last changed
2017-01-08 03:47:13
@article{902533fc-bf25-4936-a9ec-89796eefbc47,
  abstract     = {The implementation of the Rio protocol and the preservation of biodiversity at national and regional level is an important step in achieving a sustainable forestry. This is indeed a challenging task since our knowledge of the ecology and habitat demands for but a few species is severely restricted. Research in the last years show that forest species have very different qualitative and spatial demands on their environment which requires complex and broad solutions. This poses a great problem for conservation and often forces societies/decision-makers to take decisions based on assumptions rather than on empirical data. With assumptions follow uncertainty, a factor thatwhich is necessary to controltake account of. We identify and discuss the uncertainties of steps that are considered to be important for preserving biodiversity on a regional level and exemplify this with cases from southern Sweden. We argue that there is no universal solution for the conservation of biodiversity. In strongly fragmented and transformed regions like southern Sweden, a mix of species approaches and ecosystem approaches is necessary for biodiversity conservation. Programs for preserving biodiversity should be flexible, not rigid for allowing modifications due to a constantly increasing body of knowledge and ambiental changes. Prominent gaps in our knowledge include species dispersal ability and propensity, extinction rates and the species dependence on fragmentation and landscape history. It is possible that the question of responsibility species may gain in importance, an issue with far-reaching implications for economy and inter-regional compensatory systems},
  author       = {Niklasson, Mats and Nilsson, Sven and Hedin, Jonas and Caldiz, M and Bobiec, A},
  issn         = {1054-9811},
  keyword      = {extinction debt,red-listed species,southern Sweden,dispersal,Conservation policies},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2-3},
  pages        = {213--226},
  publisher    = {Haworth Press},
  series       = {Journal of Sustainable Forestry},
  title        = {Sustainability and biodiversity: from policy to implementation, with examples from Swedish forests},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1300/J091v21n02_13},
  volume       = {21},
  year         = {2005},
}