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When remembering causes forgetting: Electrophysiological correlates of retrieval-induced forgetting

Johansson, Mikael LU ; Aslan, Alp; Baeuml, Karl-Heinz; Gaebel, Andrea and Mecklinger, Axel (2007) In Cerebral Cortex 17(6). p.1335-1341
Abstract
People tend to forget information that is related to memories they are actively trying to retrieve. On the basis of results from behavioral studies, such retrieval-induced forgetting is held to result from inhibitory control processes that are recruited to attenuate interference caused by competing memory traces. Employing electrophysiological measures of brain activity, the present study examined the neural correlates of these inhibitory processes as they operate. The results demonstrate that sustained prefrontal event-related potentials were 1) related to whether or not selective memory retrieval was required during reprocessing of previously studied words and 2) predictive of individual differences in the amount of forgetting observed... (More)
People tend to forget information that is related to memories they are actively trying to retrieve. On the basis of results from behavioral studies, such retrieval-induced forgetting is held to result from inhibitory control processes that are recruited to attenuate interference caused by competing memory traces. Employing electrophysiological measures of brain activity, the present study examined the neural correlates of these inhibitory processes as they operate. The results demonstrate that sustained prefrontal event-related potentials were 1) related to whether or not selective memory retrieval was required during reprocessing of previously studied words and 2) predictive of individual differences in the amount of forgetting observed in an ensuing recall test. The present findings give support to an inhibitory control account of retrieval-induced forgetting and are in accord with the view that prefrontal regions play an important role in the selection and maintenance of relevant memory representations at the expense of those currently irrelevant. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
ERP, inhibition, episodic memory, cognitive control, prefrontal cortex
in
Cerebral Cortex
volume
17
issue
6
pages
1335 - 1341
publisher
Oxford University Press
external identifiers
  • wos:000246620400009
  • scopus:34347255772
ISSN
1460-2199
DOI
10.1093/cercor/bhl044
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
1075218c-261d-490a-a721-5818fd4a93bb (old id 659665)
date added to LUP
2007-12-13 12:36:45
date last changed
2017-08-20 03:28:42
@article{1075218c-261d-490a-a721-5818fd4a93bb,
  abstract     = {People tend to forget information that is related to memories they are actively trying to retrieve. On the basis of results from behavioral studies, such retrieval-induced forgetting is held to result from inhibitory control processes that are recruited to attenuate interference caused by competing memory traces. Employing electrophysiological measures of brain activity, the present study examined the neural correlates of these inhibitory processes as they operate. The results demonstrate that sustained prefrontal event-related potentials were 1) related to whether or not selective memory retrieval was required during reprocessing of previously studied words and 2) predictive of individual differences in the amount of forgetting observed in an ensuing recall test. The present findings give support to an inhibitory control account of retrieval-induced forgetting and are in accord with the view that prefrontal regions play an important role in the selection and maintenance of relevant memory representations at the expense of those currently irrelevant.},
  author       = {Johansson, Mikael and Aslan, Alp and Baeuml, Karl-Heinz and Gaebel, Andrea and Mecklinger, Axel},
  issn         = {1460-2199},
  keyword      = {ERP,inhibition,episodic memory,cognitive control,prefrontal cortex},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {1335--1341},
  publisher    = {Oxford University Press},
  series       = {Cerebral Cortex},
  title        = {When remembering causes forgetting: Electrophysiological correlates of retrieval-induced forgetting},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/cercor/bhl044},
  volume       = {17},
  year         = {2007},
}