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Gender equality in human capital and fertility in the European regions in the past

Hippe, Ralph and Perrin, Faustine LU (2017) In Investigaciones de Historia Economica
Abstract

Gender inequality in human capital has been shown to be an important indicator of economic development, but has remained unexplored in a European history perspective. Using a new and large historical database on male and female literacy rates, new evidence is presented on the distribution of gender inequality in human capital in European regions in 1900 and 1960. An analysis is made of the distribution of fertility rates to determine the relationship between gender equality in education and the demographic transition. The results show a reversal of educational fortunes and regional fertility rates. Regions with lower fertility rates in the past tend to display higher rates today.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
epub
subject
keywords
European regions, Fertility, Gender equality, Human Capital
in
Investigaciones de Historia Economica
publisher
Spanish Association of Economic History
external identifiers
  • scopus:85017034935
ISSN
1698-6989
DOI
10.1016/j.ihe.2017.02.001
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
65b2ef5c-4a6f-4606-8bd2-2bad7150b060
date added to LUP
2017-05-05 15:37:49
date last changed
2017-05-05 15:37:49
@article{65b2ef5c-4a6f-4606-8bd2-2bad7150b060,
  abstract     = {<p>Gender inequality in human capital has been shown to be an important indicator of economic development, but has remained unexplored in a European history perspective. Using a new and large historical database on male and female literacy rates, new evidence is presented on the distribution of gender inequality in human capital in European regions in 1900 and 1960. An analysis is made of the distribution of fertility rates to determine the relationship between gender equality in education and the demographic transition. The results show a reversal of educational fortunes and regional fertility rates. Regions with lower fertility rates in the past tend to display higher rates today.</p>},
  author       = {Hippe, Ralph and Perrin, Faustine},
  issn         = {1698-6989},
  keyword      = {European regions,Fertility,Gender equality,Human Capital},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {03},
  publisher    = {Spanish Association of Economic History},
  series       = {Investigaciones de Historia Economica},
  title        = {Gender equality in human capital and fertility in the European regions in the past},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ihe.2017.02.001},
  year         = {2017},
}