Advanced

Young children's representations of peers' distress: Associations to children's social functioning and acceptance of distressed peers

Bengtsson, Hans LU and Persson, Gun LU (2007) In Scandinavian Journal of Psychology 48(3). p.203-213
Abstract
Children's mental representations of situations involving another child's distress were examined in two studies. Study 1 examined 3- to 7-year-old children's (n = 44) ideas about what victims and bystanders would think, feel and do in hypothetical situations. In Study 2, 7- to 8-year-olds (n = 40) described their own cognitive response to situations in which they were confronted with another's distress. In both studies, representational bias was examined in relation to children's display of prosocial and aggressive behavior and in relation to their acceptance of distressed peers. Although not entirely consistent, findings indicate that three types of representational biases are associated with low levels of considerate behavior and with... (More)
Children's mental representations of situations involving another child's distress were examined in two studies. Study 1 examined 3- to 7-year-old children's (n = 44) ideas about what victims and bystanders would think, feel and do in hypothetical situations. In Study 2, 7- to 8-year-olds (n = 40) described their own cognitive response to situations in which they were confronted with another's distress. In both studies, representational bias was examined in relation to children's display of prosocial and aggressive behavior and in relation to their acceptance of distressed peers. Although not entirely consistent, findings indicate that three types of representational biases are associated with low levels of considerate behavior and with relatively low acceptance of distressed peers: (a) mentally representing the victim's problem without giving thought to its implications for the victim, (b) significantly reducing the emotional significance of the problem and (c) exaggerating negative aspects of the problem. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
empathy, aggressive behavior, prosocial behavior, representational bias
in
Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
volume
48
issue
3
pages
203 - 213
publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
external identifiers
  • wos:000246626000003
  • scopus:34249096853
ISSN
1467-9450
DOI
10.1111/j.1467-9450.2007.00559.x
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
cfdd71a6-7d92-44a5-95dc-8aff7e8868ba (old id 662892)
date added to LUP
2007-12-07 15:23:20
date last changed
2017-01-01 06:50:01
@article{cfdd71a6-7d92-44a5-95dc-8aff7e8868ba,
  abstract     = {Children's mental representations of situations involving another child's distress were examined in two studies. Study 1 examined 3- to 7-year-old children's (n = 44) ideas about what victims and bystanders would think, feel and do in hypothetical situations. In Study 2, 7- to 8-year-olds (n = 40) described their own cognitive response to situations in which they were confronted with another's distress. In both studies, representational bias was examined in relation to children's display of prosocial and aggressive behavior and in relation to their acceptance of distressed peers. Although not entirely consistent, findings indicate that three types of representational biases are associated with low levels of considerate behavior and with relatively low acceptance of distressed peers: (a) mentally representing the victim's problem without giving thought to its implications for the victim, (b) significantly reducing the emotional significance of the problem and (c) exaggerating negative aspects of the problem.},
  author       = {Bengtsson, Hans and Persson, Gun},
  issn         = {1467-9450},
  keyword      = {empathy,aggressive behavior,prosocial behavior,representational bias},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {203--213},
  publisher    = {Wiley-Blackwell},
  series       = {Scandinavian Journal of Psychology},
  title        = {Young children's representations of peers' distress: Associations to children's social functioning and acceptance of distressed peers},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9450.2007.00559.x},
  volume       = {48},
  year         = {2007},
}