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Assessment of the magnitude of geographical variations and socioeconomic contextual effects on ischaemic heart disease mortality: a multilevel survival analysis of a large Swedish cohort

Chaix, Basile LU ; Rosvall, Maria LU and Merlo, Juan (2007) In Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 61(4). p.349-355
Abstract
Background: In a public health perspective, it is of interest to assess the magnitude of geographical variations in ischaemic heart disease (IHD) mortality and quantify the strength of contextual effects on IHD. Objective: To investigate whether area effects vary according to the individual and contextual characteristics of the population, socioeconomic contextual influences were assessed in different age groups and within territories of differing population densities. Design: Multilevel survival analysis of a 28-year longitudinal database. Participants: 341 048 residents of the Scania region in Sweden, reaching age 50-79 years in 1996, followed up over 7 years. Results: After adjustment for several individual socioeconomic indicators over... (More)
Background: In a public health perspective, it is of interest to assess the magnitude of geographical variations in ischaemic heart disease (IHD) mortality and quantify the strength of contextual effects on IHD. Objective: To investigate whether area effects vary according to the individual and contextual characteristics of the population, socioeconomic contextual influences were assessed in different age groups and within territories of differing population densities. Design: Multilevel survival analysis of a 28-year longitudinal database. Participants: 341 048 residents of the Scania region in Sweden, reaching age 50-79 years in 1996, followed up over 7 years. Results: After adjustment for several individual socioeconomic indicators over the adult age, Cox multilevel models indicated geographical variations in IHD mortality and socioeconomic contextual effects on the mortality risk. However, the magnitude of geographical variations and strength of contextual effects were modified by the age of individuals and the population density of their residential area: socioeconomic contextual effects were much stronger among non-elderly than among elderly adults, and much larger within urban territories than within rural ones. As a consequence, among non-elderly residents of urban territories, the socioeconomic contextual effect was almost as large as the effect of individual 20-year cumulated income. Conclusions: Non-elderly residents of deprived urban neighbourhoods constitute a major target for both contextual epidemiology of coronary disease and public health interventions aimed at reducing the detrimental effects of the social environment on IHD. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
volume
61
issue
4
pages
349 - 355
publisher
BMJ Publishing Group
external identifiers
  • wos:000245037600015
  • scopus:33947709298
ISSN
1470-2738
DOI
10.1136/jech.2006.047597
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
4de47917-bd49-4568-b898-eb95e1d87a61 (old id 669694)
date added to LUP
2007-12-10 09:26:46
date last changed
2017-09-24 03:42:09
@article{4de47917-bd49-4568-b898-eb95e1d87a61,
  abstract     = {Background: In a public health perspective, it is of interest to assess the magnitude of geographical variations in ischaemic heart disease (IHD) mortality and quantify the strength of contextual effects on IHD. Objective: To investigate whether area effects vary according to the individual and contextual characteristics of the population, socioeconomic contextual influences were assessed in different age groups and within territories of differing population densities. Design: Multilevel survival analysis of a 28-year longitudinal database. Participants: 341 048 residents of the Scania region in Sweden, reaching age 50-79 years in 1996, followed up over 7 years. Results: After adjustment for several individual socioeconomic indicators over the adult age, Cox multilevel models indicated geographical variations in IHD mortality and socioeconomic contextual effects on the mortality risk. However, the magnitude of geographical variations and strength of contextual effects were modified by the age of individuals and the population density of their residential area: socioeconomic contextual effects were much stronger among non-elderly than among elderly adults, and much larger within urban territories than within rural ones. As a consequence, among non-elderly residents of urban territories, the socioeconomic contextual effect was almost as large as the effect of individual 20-year cumulated income. Conclusions: Non-elderly residents of deprived urban neighbourhoods constitute a major target for both contextual epidemiology of coronary disease and public health interventions aimed at reducing the detrimental effects of the social environment on IHD.},
  author       = {Chaix, Basile and Rosvall, Maria and Merlo, Juan},
  issn         = {1470-2738},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {349--355},
  publisher    = {BMJ Publishing Group},
  series       = {Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health},
  title        = {Assessment of the magnitude of geographical variations and socioeconomic contextual effects on ischaemic heart disease mortality: a multilevel survival analysis of a large Swedish cohort},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/jech.2006.047597},
  volume       = {61},
  year         = {2007},
}