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Cesarean Sections for High-Risk Births: Health, Fertility and Labor Market Outcomes

Muhlrad, Hanna LU (2018) In Working Papers
Abstract
Despite the fact that Cesarean section (C-section) is the most commonly performed surgery in a number of industrialized countries, little is known about the long-term consequences for the mothers and children involved. In this study, I use a sample of high-risk births—namely, breech births, in which the fetus is presented with its head upward instead of downward—to study the causal effect of C-sections on child health and on the health, fertility and labor market responses for mothers. Because selection into C-section may be endogenous, I exploit an information shock to doctors in 2000, in which new scientific evidence about the benefits of planned C-sections for breech births led to a sharp 23% increase in planned C-sections. Using... (More)
Despite the fact that Cesarean section (C-section) is the most commonly performed surgery in a number of industrialized countries, little is known about the long-term consequences for the mothers and children involved. In this study, I use a sample of high-risk births—namely, breech births, in which the fetus is presented with its head upward instead of downward—to study the causal effect of C-sections on child health and on the health, fertility and labor market responses for mothers. Because selection into C-section may be endogenous, I exploit an information shock to doctors in 2000, in which new scientific evidence about the benefits of planned C-sections for breech births led to a sharp 23% increase in planned C-sections. Using Swedish registry data, I find that having a C-section improves child health in both the short and long run, indicated by higher Apgar scores at birth and fewer nights hospitalized during ages 1-7. I find little evidence to suggest any significant impact on maternal health, future fertility or maternal labor market outcomes. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Working paper/Preprint
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Cesarean Section, Fertility, Maternal Health, Child Health, Birth Technology, Labor Market Outcomes, I11, I12, I38, J13, J24
in
Working Papers
issue
2018:35
pages
56 pages
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
6723146d-c867-42eb-8ac3-340e4b58aecd
alternative location
https://swopec.hhs.se/lunewp/abs/lunewp2018_035.htm
date added to LUP
2018-11-26 16:17:56
date last changed
2018-11-26 16:17:56
@misc{6723146d-c867-42eb-8ac3-340e4b58aecd,
  abstract     = {Despite the fact that Cesarean section (C-section) is the most commonly performed surgery in a number of industrialized countries, little is known about the long-term consequences for the mothers and children involved. In this study, I use a sample of high-risk births—namely, breech births, in which the fetus is presented with its head upward instead of downward—to study the causal effect of C-sections on child health and on the health, fertility and labor market responses for mothers. Because selection into C-section may be endogenous, I exploit an information shock to doctors in 2000, in which new scientific evidence about the benefits of planned C-sections for breech births led to a sharp 23% increase in planned C-sections. Using Swedish registry data, I find that having a C-section improves child health in both the short and long run, indicated by higher Apgar scores at birth and fewer nights hospitalized during ages 1-7. I find little evidence to suggest any significant impact on maternal health, future fertility or maternal labor market outcomes.},
  author       = {Muhlrad, Hanna},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Working Paper},
  number       = {2018:35},
  series       = {Working Papers},
  title        = {Cesarean Sections for High-Risk Births: Health, Fertility and Labor Market Outcomes},
  url          = {https://swopec.hhs.se/lunewp/abs/lunewp2018_035.htm},
  year         = {2018},
}