Advanced

Criminal behavior in antisocial substance abusers between five and fifteen years follow-up

Fridell, Mats LU ; Hesse, Morten and Billsten, Johan (2007) In American Journal on Addictions 16(1). p.10-14
Abstract
Antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) is one of the most common co-occurring disorders in substance abusers, characterized among other things by a high propensity for criminal actions. A cohort of 125 substance abusers were followed in a longitudinal design. Patients were diagnosed with ASPD at an index treatment episode, interviewed at five-year follow-up, and followed-up through the Swedish criminal justice register by 2005 for the years 1995-2003. ASPD and non-ASPD subjects were compared using Mann Whitney U test for ordinal variables (number of offenses and months in prison) and chi-square tests for categorical variables. A total of 107 were alive by 1995, when the period of observation began. ASPD diagnosed at baseline was related to... (More)
Antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) is one of the most common co-occurring disorders in substance abusers, characterized among other things by a high propensity for criminal actions. A cohort of 125 substance abusers were followed in a longitudinal design. Patients were diagnosed with ASPD at an index treatment episode, interviewed at five-year follow-up, and followed-up through the Swedish criminal justice register by 2005 for the years 1995-2003. ASPD and non-ASPD subjects were compared using Mann Whitney U test for ordinal variables (number of offenses and months in prison) and chi-square tests for categorical variables. A total of 107 were alive by 1995, when the period of observation began. ASPD diagnosed at baseline was related to criminal offenses and incarceration during the follow-up from 5 to 15 years. For most categories, ASPD diagnosis was associated with higher frequency of offense. An ASPD diagnosis based on SCID-H interview made at five-year follow-up was related to the number of offenses but unrelated to incarceration. In a sample of drug abusers, ASPD was associated with high levels of criminal behavior, even years after the diagnosis was given. A diagnosis based on clinical observation during treatment was at least as predictive of criminal behavior as a diagnosis based on a SCID-II interview. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
American Journal on Addictions
volume
16
issue
1
pages
10 - 14
publisher
Taylor & Francis
external identifiers
  • wos:000244348800002
  • scopus:33847401397
ISSN
1521-0391
DOI
10.1080/10550490601077734
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
848cd9a3-09e8-4dd4-a7c5-f0cd99883bab (old id 673983)
date added to LUP
2008-01-03 12:33:04
date last changed
2017-01-01 04:23:40
@article{848cd9a3-09e8-4dd4-a7c5-f0cd99883bab,
  abstract     = {Antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) is one of the most common co-occurring disorders in substance abusers, characterized among other things by a high propensity for criminal actions. A cohort of 125 substance abusers were followed in a longitudinal design. Patients were diagnosed with ASPD at an index treatment episode, interviewed at five-year follow-up, and followed-up through the Swedish criminal justice register by 2005 for the years 1995-2003. ASPD and non-ASPD subjects were compared using Mann Whitney U test for ordinal variables (number of offenses and months in prison) and chi-square tests for categorical variables. A total of 107 were alive by 1995, when the period of observation began. ASPD diagnosed at baseline was related to criminal offenses and incarceration during the follow-up from 5 to 15 years. For most categories, ASPD diagnosis was associated with higher frequency of offense. An ASPD diagnosis based on SCID-H interview made at five-year follow-up was related to the number of offenses but unrelated to incarceration. In a sample of drug abusers, ASPD was associated with high levels of criminal behavior, even years after the diagnosis was given. A diagnosis based on clinical observation during treatment was at least as predictive of criminal behavior as a diagnosis based on a SCID-II interview.},
  author       = {Fridell, Mats and Hesse, Morten and Billsten, Johan},
  issn         = {1521-0391},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {10--14},
  publisher    = {Taylor & Francis},
  series       = {American Journal on Addictions},
  title        = {Criminal behavior in antisocial substance abusers between five and fifteen years follow-up},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10550490601077734},
  volume       = {16},
  year         = {2007},
}