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Possibilities and problems with the use of models as a communication tool in water resource management

Alkan Olsson, Johanna LU and Andersson, Lotta (2007) Conference on Integrated Assessment of Water Resources and Global Change In Water Resources Management 21(97). p.97-110
Abstract
Politicians and policy-makers, as well as modellers, often nurses an expectation that model derived results is an objective source of information that can be used to support decisions. However, several prerequisites have to be dealt with in order to ensure that models can be used as legitimate and efficient tools in water resource management. Based on empirical material from recent studies on the use of models in stakeholder dialogues, mainly focusing on catchment nutrient transport, two central problems are identified: (a) Models are laden with choices and thus depend on assumptions and priorities of modellers. (b) There are several factors that influence ability and willingness of stakeholders (as information recovers) to criticize or... (More)
Politicians and policy-makers, as well as modellers, often nurses an expectation that model derived results is an objective source of information that can be used to support decisions. However, several prerequisites have to be dealt with in order to ensure that models can be used as legitimate and efficient tools in water resource management. Based on empirical material from recent studies on the use of models in stakeholder dialogues, mainly focusing on catchment nutrient transport, two central problems are identified: (a) Models are laden with choices and thus depend on assumptions and priorities of modellers. (b) There are several factors that influence ability and willingness of stakeholders (as information recovers) to criticize or accept results of the modelling exercise. Recognized factors likely to influence stakeholders' acceptance of model derived results include issues at stake, stakeholders' ability to criticize model derived information, and their trust in the institutions that have developed or applied the used models. Identified prerequisites for successful use of models in integrated water resource management include: consideration of user relevance, awareness of and preparedness to handle constraints linked to communication of model-based results, transparency of used models and data and of involved uncertainties, mutual respect between experts and stakeholders and between involved stakeholder groups, a robust institutional network, and sufficient time for dialogues. Development and use of strategies for participatory modelling, based on a continuous dialogue between experts and stakeholders is recommended as a way to facilitate that the prerequisites for a successful use of models in water resource management are fulfilled. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
understanding of science, communication, water management, scenarios, participatory modelling, catchment models
in
Water Resources Management
volume
21
issue
97
pages
97 - 110
publisher
Springer
conference name
Conference on Integrated Assessment of Water Resources and Global Change
external identifiers
  • wos:000243142400008
  • scopus:33845949988
  • wos:000246046600007
ISSN
0920-4741
DOI
10.1007/s11269-006-9043-1
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
1f99e320-c6d7-43a4-8f85-5a9658c83310 (old id 680464)
date added to LUP
2007-12-14 14:08:50
date last changed
2017-10-01 04:52:33
@article{1f99e320-c6d7-43a4-8f85-5a9658c83310,
  abstract     = {Politicians and policy-makers, as well as modellers, often nurses an expectation that model derived results is an objective source of information that can be used to support decisions. However, several prerequisites have to be dealt with in order to ensure that models can be used as legitimate and efficient tools in water resource management. Based on empirical material from recent studies on the use of models in stakeholder dialogues, mainly focusing on catchment nutrient transport, two central problems are identified: (a) Models are laden with choices and thus depend on assumptions and priorities of modellers. (b) There are several factors that influence ability and willingness of stakeholders (as information recovers) to criticize or accept results of the modelling exercise. Recognized factors likely to influence stakeholders' acceptance of model derived results include issues at stake, stakeholders' ability to criticize model derived information, and their trust in the institutions that have developed or applied the used models. Identified prerequisites for successful use of models in integrated water resource management include: consideration of user relevance, awareness of and preparedness to handle constraints linked to communication of model-based results, transparency of used models and data and of involved uncertainties, mutual respect between experts and stakeholders and between involved stakeholder groups, a robust institutional network, and sufficient time for dialogues. Development and use of strategies for participatory modelling, based on a continuous dialogue between experts and stakeholders is recommended as a way to facilitate that the prerequisites for a successful use of models in water resource management are fulfilled.},
  author       = {Alkan Olsson, Johanna and Andersson, Lotta},
  issn         = {0920-4741},
  keyword      = {understanding of science,communication,water management,scenarios,participatory modelling,catchment models},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {97},
  pages        = {97--110},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {Water Resources Management},
  title        = {Possibilities and problems with the use of models as a communication tool in water resource management},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11269-006-9043-1},
  volume       = {21},
  year         = {2007},
}