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The interactive role of worried mood and trait anxiety in the selective processing of subliminally presented threat words

Jansson, Billy and Lundh, Lars-Gunnar LU (2006) In Personality and Individual Differences 41(7). p.1195-1204
Abstract
The purpose of the present study was threefold: (a) to replicate the finding by MacLeod and Rutherford (1992) that low trait-anxious individuals, in contrast to high trait-anxious individuals, show a selective attention away from subliminally presented threat words at elevated levels of stress; (b) to test the hypothesis that this effect is due to individuals with repressive coping-style rather than true low trait-anxious individuals; and (c) to study the stability of Stroop interference over time. Both social threat and physical threat words were used. Although some support was found for the first hypothesis, there was no evidence that this effect was due to individuals with repressive coping-style. Finally, Stroop interference showed... (More)
The purpose of the present study was threefold: (a) to replicate the finding by MacLeod and Rutherford (1992) that low trait-anxious individuals, in contrast to high trait-anxious individuals, show a selective attention away from subliminally presented threat words at elevated levels of stress; (b) to test the hypothesis that this effect is due to individuals with repressive coping-style rather than true low trait-anxious individuals; and (c) to study the stability of Stroop interference over time. Both social threat and physical threat words were used. Although some support was found for the first hypothesis, there was no evidence that this effect was due to individuals with repressive coping-style. Finally, Stroop interference showed very little test-retest stability from the first to the second testing session, indicating that it is heavily influenced by temporary cognitive-emotional states, and that it should not be treated as a trait variable. Unexpectedly, high defensiveness predicted a decrease in worried mood from session 1 to session 2. (c) 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (Less)
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author
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organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
trait anxiety, attention, worried mood
in
Personality and Individual Differences
volume
41
issue
7
pages
1195 - 1204
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000241203800002
  • scopus:33748437781
ISSN
1873-3549
DOI
10.1016/j.paid.2006.03.026
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
8edb3b01-608d-440c-936e-1c543bfc8173 (old id 685929)
date added to LUP
2016-04-01 12:38:41
date last changed
2020-12-08 02:40:37
@article{8edb3b01-608d-440c-936e-1c543bfc8173,
  abstract     = {The purpose of the present study was threefold: (a) to replicate the finding by MacLeod and Rutherford (1992) that low trait-anxious individuals, in contrast to high trait-anxious individuals, show a selective attention away from subliminally presented threat words at elevated levels of stress; (b) to test the hypothesis that this effect is due to individuals with repressive coping-style rather than true low trait-anxious individuals; and (c) to study the stability of Stroop interference over time. Both social threat and physical threat words were used. Although some support was found for the first hypothesis, there was no evidence that this effect was due to individuals with repressive coping-style. Finally, Stroop interference showed very little test-retest stability from the first to the second testing session, indicating that it is heavily influenced by temporary cognitive-emotional states, and that it should not be treated as a trait variable. Unexpectedly, high defensiveness predicted a decrease in worried mood from session 1 to session 2. (c) 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.},
  author       = {Jansson, Billy and Lundh, Lars-Gunnar},
  issn         = {1873-3549},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {7},
  pages        = {1195--1204},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Personality and Individual Differences},
  title        = {The interactive role of worried mood and trait anxiety in the selective processing of subliminally presented threat words},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2006.03.026},
  doi          = {10.1016/j.paid.2006.03.026},
  volume       = {41},
  year         = {2006},
}