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Is victimization from bullying associated with medicine use among adolescents? A nationally representative cross-sectional survey in Denmark

Due, Pernille; Hansen, Ebba Holme; Merlo, Juan LU ; Andersen, Anette and Holstein, Bjorn E. (2007) In Pediatrics 120(1). p.110-117
Abstract
OBJECTIVE. The goal was to examine whether being a victim of bullying was associated with medicine use, taking into account the increased prevalence of physical and psychological symptoms. METHODS. The study population included all students in grades 5, 7, and 9 (mean ages: 11.6, 13.6, and 15.6 years, respectively) in a random sample of schools in Denmark (participation rate: 88.5%; N = 5205). The students reported health problems, medicine use, bullying, and a range of psychosocial conditions in an anonymous standardized questionnaire. The outcome measure was self-reported medicine use for headache, stomachache, difficulties in getting to sleep, and nervousness. The determinant was frequency of exposure to bullying, measured with 1 item.... (More)
OBJECTIVE. The goal was to examine whether being a victim of bullying was associated with medicine use, taking into account the increased prevalence of physical and psychological symptoms. METHODS. The study population included all students in grades 5, 7, and 9 (mean ages: 11.6, 13.6, and 15.6 years, respectively) in a random sample of schools in Denmark (participation rate: 88.5%; N = 5205). The students reported health problems, medicine use, bullying, and a range of psychosocial conditions in an anonymous standardized questionnaire. The outcome measure was self-reported medicine use for headache, stomachache, difficulties in getting to sleep, and nervousness. The determinant was frequency of exposure to bullying, measured with 1 item. RESULTS. In multivariate models adjusted for age and social class, we found that adolescent victims of bullying used medicine for pains and psychological problems more often than did adolescents who were not bullied. The increased odds of using medicine were not explained by the higher prevalence of symptoms among the bullied children. CONCLUSIONS. We found victimization from bullying to be associated with medicine use, even when we controlled for the higher prevalence of symptoms among bullied victims. The medications that adolescents use can have adverse effects, in addition to the potentially health-damaging effects of bullying. Policy makers, health care professionals, and school staff should be aware that the adolescent victims of bullying are prone to excess use of medicine, and preventive actions should be taken to decrease the level of bullying as well as the use of medicine among adolescents. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
bullying, population-based study, adolescents, medicine use
in
Pediatrics
volume
120
issue
1
pages
110 - 117
publisher
American Academy of Pediatrics
external identifiers
  • wos:000247719300014
  • scopus:34447116882
ISSN
1098-4275
DOI
10.1542/peds.2006-1481
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
d158aacb-32b1-46ff-9a87-1e00aa1b3b76 (old id 691379)
date added to LUP
2007-12-10 14:59:42
date last changed
2017-08-06 04:25:28
@article{d158aacb-32b1-46ff-9a87-1e00aa1b3b76,
  abstract     = {OBJECTIVE. The goal was to examine whether being a victim of bullying was associated with medicine use, taking into account the increased prevalence of physical and psychological symptoms. METHODS. The study population included all students in grades 5, 7, and 9 (mean ages: 11.6, 13.6, and 15.6 years, respectively) in a random sample of schools in Denmark (participation rate: 88.5%; N = 5205). The students reported health problems, medicine use, bullying, and a range of psychosocial conditions in an anonymous standardized questionnaire. The outcome measure was self-reported medicine use for headache, stomachache, difficulties in getting to sleep, and nervousness. The determinant was frequency of exposure to bullying, measured with 1 item. RESULTS. In multivariate models adjusted for age and social class, we found that adolescent victims of bullying used medicine for pains and psychological problems more often than did adolescents who were not bullied. The increased odds of using medicine were not explained by the higher prevalence of symptoms among the bullied children. CONCLUSIONS. We found victimization from bullying to be associated with medicine use, even when we controlled for the higher prevalence of symptoms among bullied victims. The medications that adolescents use can have adverse effects, in addition to the potentially health-damaging effects of bullying. Policy makers, health care professionals, and school staff should be aware that the adolescent victims of bullying are prone to excess use of medicine, and preventive actions should be taken to decrease the level of bullying as well as the use of medicine among adolescents.},
  author       = {Due, Pernille and Hansen, Ebba Holme and Merlo, Juan and Andersen, Anette and Holstein, Bjorn E.},
  issn         = {1098-4275},
  keyword      = {bullying,population-based study,adolescents,medicine use},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {110--117},
  publisher    = {American Academy of Pediatrics},
  series       = {Pediatrics},
  title        = {Is victimization from bullying associated with medicine use among adolescents? A nationally representative cross-sectional survey in Denmark},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1542/peds.2006-1481},
  volume       = {120},
  year         = {2007},
}