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ECG-derived spatial QRS-T angle is strongly associated with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

Cortez, Daniel LU ; Schlegel, Todd T.; Ackerman, Michael J. and Bos, J. Martijn (2017) In Journal of Electrocardiology 50(2). p.195-202
Abstract

Introduction: ECG-derived vectorcardiography (VCG) has diagnostic and prognostic value in various diseases. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), a genetic disease with unexplained left ventricular hypertrophy, is one of the most common causes of sudden cardiac death (SCD) in young persons. Genotype positive status is associated with increased risk of systolic dysfunction, heart failure, and (SCD). Herein, we aimed to determine the diagnostic utility of derived VCG parameters in a large cohort of genotyped HCM patients. Methods: Between 1997 and 2007, genetic testing was performed on 1053 unrelated patients with HCM. Of these, 967 had 12-lead ECGs suitable for computerized derivation of VCG parameters, including the spatial mean and peaks... (More)

Introduction: ECG-derived vectorcardiography (VCG) has diagnostic and prognostic value in various diseases. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), a genetic disease with unexplained left ventricular hypertrophy, is one of the most common causes of sudden cardiac death (SCD) in young persons. Genotype positive status is associated with increased risk of systolic dysfunction, heart failure, and (SCD). Herein, we aimed to determine the diagnostic utility of derived VCG parameters in a large cohort of genotyped HCM patients. Methods: Between 1997 and 2007, genetic testing was performed on 1053 unrelated patients with HCM. Of these, 967 had 12-lead ECGs suitable for computerized derivation of VCG parameters, including the spatial mean and peaks QRS-T angles, spatial ventricular gradient (SVG), spatial QRS, QT, and Tpeak-Tend (TpTe) intervals. ECGs were also evaluated using Seattle ECG criteria. Differences between HCM patients and healthy controls as well as between genotype positive versus genotype negative HCM patients were assessed. Results: Spatial peaks (129.3. ±. 26.4 vs.30.5. ±. 24.2 degrees) and spatial mean QRS-T angles (121.8. ±. 38.6 vs. 47.3. ±. 27.6 degrees) were significantly higher in patients with HCM than in controls (P. <. 0.001). The spatial peaks and mean QRS-T angles identified 94% and 84% of HCM patients, respectively, while Seattle criteria identified 70.7% of patients (P. <. 0.001). Genotype positive patients had higher spatial mean QRS-T angles, spatial TpTe (P. <. 0.001 respectively), spatial peaks QRS-T angles (P. =0.017) and lower SVG (P. <. 0.001) than genotype negative patients. Conclusions: ECG-derived spatial QRS-T angles can differentiate patients with HCM from controls and could provide a better tool than traditional Seattle criteria. Clinical usefulness of VCG to differentiate genotype-negative from genotype-positive patients has yet to be established.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Genotype, HCM, Seattle criteria, Vectorcardiography
in
Journal of Electrocardiology
volume
50
issue
2
pages
195 - 202
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • scopus:85006516105
  • wos:000397368100005
ISSN
0022-0736
DOI
10.1016/j.jelectrocard.2016.10.001
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
6a376e52-9601-43c3-906f-f14cfdec50eb
date added to LUP
2017-01-19 15:07:07
date last changed
2018-01-07 11:45:47
@article{6a376e52-9601-43c3-906f-f14cfdec50eb,
  abstract     = {<p>Introduction: ECG-derived vectorcardiography (VCG) has diagnostic and prognostic value in various diseases. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), a genetic disease with unexplained left ventricular hypertrophy, is one of the most common causes of sudden cardiac death (SCD) in young persons. Genotype positive status is associated with increased risk of systolic dysfunction, heart failure, and (SCD). Herein, we aimed to determine the diagnostic utility of derived VCG parameters in a large cohort of genotyped HCM patients. Methods: Between 1997 and 2007, genetic testing was performed on 1053 unrelated patients with HCM. Of these, 967 had 12-lead ECGs suitable for computerized derivation of VCG parameters, including the spatial mean and peaks QRS-T angles, spatial ventricular gradient (SVG), spatial QRS, QT, and Tpeak-Tend (TpTe) intervals. ECGs were also evaluated using Seattle ECG criteria. Differences between HCM patients and healthy controls as well as between genotype positive versus genotype negative HCM patients were assessed. Results: Spatial peaks (129.3. ±. 26.4 vs.30.5. ±. 24.2 degrees) and spatial mean QRS-T angles (121.8. ±. 38.6 vs. 47.3. ±. 27.6 degrees) were significantly higher in patients with HCM than in controls (P. &lt;. 0.001). The spatial peaks and mean QRS-T angles identified 94% and 84% of HCM patients, respectively, while Seattle criteria identified 70.7% of patients (P. &lt;. 0.001). Genotype positive patients had higher spatial mean QRS-T angles, spatial TpTe (P. &lt;. 0.001 respectively), spatial peaks QRS-T angles (P. =0.017) and lower SVG (P. &lt;. 0.001) than genotype negative patients. Conclusions: ECG-derived spatial QRS-T angles can differentiate patients with HCM from controls and could provide a better tool than traditional Seattle criteria. Clinical usefulness of VCG to differentiate genotype-negative from genotype-positive patients has yet to be established.</p>},
  author       = {Cortez, Daniel and Schlegel, Todd T. and Ackerman, Michael J. and Bos, J. Martijn},
  issn         = {0022-0736},
  keyword      = {Genotype,HCM,Seattle criteria,Vectorcardiography},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {195--202},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Journal of Electrocardiology},
  title        = {ECG-derived spatial QRS-T angle is strongly associated with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jelectrocard.2016.10.001},
  volume       = {50},
  year         = {2017},
}