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Coping and financial strain as predictors of mental illness in over- indebted individuals in Sweden

Holmgren, Rebecka ; Nilsson Sundström, Emma ; Levinsson, Henrik LU and Ahlström, Richard (2019) In Scandinavian Journal of Psychology 60(1). p.50-58
Abstract

This cross-sectional study examined psychological mechanisms in order to increase knowledge regarding mental illness amongst 561 over-indebted individuals in Sweden. Differences were explored between individuals with probable clinical depression and/or anxiety and individuals without probable clinical depression and/or anxiety, considering objective measures of the debt, financial strain, coping strategies as well as sociodemographic variables. Furthermore, binary logistic regression analyses were performed in order to construct a model of predictors of mental illness. In order to collect the data, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), Brief Coping Orientation to Problems Experienced (COPE_, as well as questions formulated by... (More)

This cross-sectional study examined psychological mechanisms in order to increase knowledge regarding mental illness amongst 561 over-indebted individuals in Sweden. Differences were explored between individuals with probable clinical depression and/or anxiety and individuals without probable clinical depression and/or anxiety, considering objective measures of the debt, financial strain, coping strategies as well as sociodemographic variables. Furthermore, binary logistic regression analyses were performed in order to construct a model of predictors of mental illness. In order to collect the data, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), Brief Coping Orientation to Problems Experienced (COPE_, as well as questions formulated by the research team, were used as measures. Prominent results showed that over-indebted individuals with probable clinical depression and/or anxiety were younger, showed greater levels of financial strain, used adaptive coping strategies to a lesser extent, and maladaptive coping strategies to a greater extent. Additionally, financial strain, use of maladaptive and emotion-focused coping, age and employment status were significant predictors of mental illness. These results put emphasis on the importance of adaptive coping as well as the psychological exposure of over-indebted individuals.

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author
; ; and
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
anxiety, coping, depression, financial strain, Over-indebtedness
in
Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
volume
60
issue
1
pages
50 - 58
publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
external identifiers
  • scopus:85059052544
  • pmid:30585328
ISSN
0036-5564
DOI
10.1111/sjop.12511
project
Economic vulnerability, over-indebtedness and mental illness
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
6c29355f-bbb3-4c58-afa4-14cb294d083d
date added to LUP
2019-01-07 14:34:50
date last changed
2024-02-14 14:31:44
@article{6c29355f-bbb3-4c58-afa4-14cb294d083d,
  abstract     = {{<p>This cross-sectional study examined psychological mechanisms in order to increase knowledge regarding mental illness amongst 561 over-indebted individuals in Sweden. Differences were explored between individuals with probable clinical depression and/or anxiety and individuals without probable clinical depression and/or anxiety, considering objective measures of the debt, financial strain, coping strategies as well as sociodemographic variables. Furthermore, binary logistic regression analyses were performed in order to construct a model of predictors of mental illness. In order to collect the data, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), Brief Coping Orientation to Problems Experienced (COPE_, as well as questions formulated by the research team, were used as measures. Prominent results showed that over-indebted individuals with probable clinical depression and/or anxiety were younger, showed greater levels of financial strain, used adaptive coping strategies to a lesser extent, and maladaptive coping strategies to a greater extent. Additionally, financial strain, use of maladaptive and emotion-focused coping, age and employment status were significant predictors of mental illness. These results put emphasis on the importance of adaptive coping as well as the psychological exposure of over-indebted individuals.</p>}},
  author       = {{Holmgren, Rebecka and Nilsson Sundström, Emma and Levinsson, Henrik and Ahlström, Richard}},
  issn         = {{0036-5564}},
  keywords     = {{anxiety; coping; depression; financial strain; Over-indebtedness}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{1}},
  pages        = {{50--58}},
  publisher    = {{Wiley-Blackwell}},
  series       = {{Scandinavian Journal of Psychology}},
  title        = {{Coping and financial strain as predictors of mental illness in over- indebted individuals in Sweden}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/sjop.12511}},
  doi          = {{10.1111/sjop.12511}},
  volume       = {{60}},
  year         = {{2019}},
}