Advanced

Comprehensive comparison between APOGEE and LAMOST : Radial velocities and atmospheric stellar parameters

Anguiano, B.; Majewski, S. R.; Allende-Prieto, C.; Meszaros, S.; Jönsson, H. LU ; García-Hernández, D. A.; Beaton, R. L.; Stringfellow, G. S.; Cunha, K. and Smith, V. V. (2018) In Astronomy and Astrophysics 620.
Abstract

Context. In the era of massive spectroscopy surveys, automated stellar parameter pipelines and their validation are extremely important for an efficient scientific exploitation of the spectra. Aims. We undertake a critical and comprehensive comparison of the radial velocities and the main stellar atmosphere parameters for stars in common between the latest data releases from the Apache Point Observatory Galaxy Evolution Experiment (APOGEE) and the Large sky Area Multi-Object Spectroscopic Telescope (LAMOST) surveys. Methods. APOGEE is a high-resolution (R = 22 500) spectroscopic survey with high signal-To-noise ratio that is part of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS). The latest data release, SDSS DR14, comprises APOGEE spectra for 263... (More)

Context. In the era of massive spectroscopy surveys, automated stellar parameter pipelines and their validation are extremely important for an efficient scientific exploitation of the spectra. Aims. We undertake a critical and comprehensive comparison of the radial velocities and the main stellar atmosphere parameters for stars in common between the latest data releases from the Apache Point Observatory Galaxy Evolution Experiment (APOGEE) and the Large sky Area Multi-Object Spectroscopic Telescope (LAMOST) surveys. Methods. APOGEE is a high-resolution (R = 22 500) spectroscopic survey with high signal-To-noise ratio that is part of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS). The latest data release, SDSS DR14, comprises APOGEE spectra for 263 444 stars, together with main stellar parameters and individual abundances for up to 20 chemical species. LAMOST is a low-resolution (R = 1800) optical spectroscopic survey also in the Northern Hemisphere, where 4000 fibers can be allocated simultaneously. LAMOST DR3 contains 3 177 995 stars. Results. A total of 42 420 dwarfs and giants stars are in common between the APOGEE DR14-LAMOST DR3 stellar catalogs. A comparison between APOGEE and LAMOST RVs shows a clear offset of 4.54 ± 0.03 km s-1, with a dispersion of 5.8 km s-1, in the sense that APOGEE radial velocities are higher. We observe a small offset in the effective temperatures of about 13 K, with a scatter of 155 K. A small offset in [Fe/H] of about 0.06 dex together with a scatter of 0.13 dex is also observed. We note that the largest offset between the surveys occurs in the surface gravities. Using only surface gravities in calibrated red giants from APOGEE DR14, with which there are 24 074 stars in common, a deviation of 0.14 dex is found with substantial scatter (0.25 dex). There are 17 482 red giant stars in common between APOGEE DR14 and those in LAMOST tied to APOGEE DR12 via the code called the Cannon. There is generally good agreement between the two data-sets. However, we find that the differences in the stellar parameters depend on effective temperature. For metal-rich stars, a different trend for the [Fe/H] discrepancies is found. Surprisingly, we see no correlation between the internal APOGEE DR14-DR12 differences in Teff and those in DR14-LAMOST tied to DR12, where a correlation should be expected since LAMOST has been calibrated to APOGEE DR12. We find no correlation either between the [Fe/H] discrepancies, suggesting that LAMOST/Cannon is not well coupled to the APOGEE DR12 stellar parameter scale. An [Fe/H] dependence between the stellar parameters in APOGEE DR12 and those in DR14 is reported. We find a weak correlation in the differences between APOGEE DR14-DR12 and LAMOST on DR12 surface gravity for stars hotter than 4800 K and in the log g range between 2.0 and 2.8 dex. We do not observe an [Fe/H] dependency in the gravity discrepancies.

(Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Asteroseismology, Stars: fundamental parameters, Surveys
in
Astronomy and Astrophysics
volume
620
publisher
EDP Sciences
external identifiers
  • scopus:85058142528
ISSN
0004-6361
DOI
10.1051/0004-6361/201833387
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
6c31eaf4-ff36-4ccb-9f40-074950086e27
date added to LUP
2018-12-19 12:12:05
date last changed
2019-08-14 04:29:33
@article{6c31eaf4-ff36-4ccb-9f40-074950086e27,
  abstract     = {<p>Context. In the era of massive spectroscopy surveys, automated stellar parameter pipelines and their validation are extremely important for an efficient scientific exploitation of the spectra. Aims. We undertake a critical and comprehensive comparison of the radial velocities and the main stellar atmosphere parameters for stars in common between the latest data releases from the Apache Point Observatory Galaxy Evolution Experiment (APOGEE) and the Large sky Area Multi-Object Spectroscopic Telescope (LAMOST) surveys. Methods. APOGEE is a high-resolution (R = 22 500) spectroscopic survey with high signal-To-noise ratio that is part of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS). The latest data release, SDSS DR14, comprises APOGEE spectra for 263 444 stars, together with main stellar parameters and individual abundances for up to 20 chemical species. LAMOST is a low-resolution (R = 1800) optical spectroscopic survey also in the Northern Hemisphere, where 4000 fibers can be allocated simultaneously. LAMOST DR3 contains 3 177 995 stars. Results. A total of 42 420 dwarfs and giants stars are in common between the APOGEE DR14-LAMOST DR3 stellar catalogs. A comparison between APOGEE and LAMOST RVs shows a clear offset of 4.54 ± 0.03 km s<sup>-1</sup>, with a dispersion of 5.8 km s<sup>-1</sup>, in the sense that APOGEE radial velocities are higher. We observe a small offset in the effective temperatures of about 13 K, with a scatter of 155 K. A small offset in [Fe/H] of about 0.06 dex together with a scatter of 0.13 dex is also observed. We note that the largest offset between the surveys occurs in the surface gravities. Using only surface gravities in calibrated red giants from APOGEE DR14, with which there are 24 074 stars in common, a deviation of 0.14 dex is found with substantial scatter (0.25 dex). There are 17 482 red giant stars in common between APOGEE DR14 and those in LAMOST tied to APOGEE DR12 via the code called the Cannon. There is generally good agreement between the two data-sets. However, we find that the differences in the stellar parameters depend on effective temperature. For metal-rich stars, a different trend for the [Fe/H] discrepancies is found. Surprisingly, we see no correlation between the internal APOGEE DR14-DR12 differences in T<sub>eff</sub> and those in DR14-LAMOST tied to DR12, where a correlation should be expected since LAMOST has been calibrated to APOGEE DR12. We find no correlation either between the [Fe/H] discrepancies, suggesting that LAMOST/Cannon is not well coupled to the APOGEE DR12 stellar parameter scale. An [Fe/H] dependence between the stellar parameters in APOGEE DR12 and those in DR14 is reported. We find a weak correlation in the differences between APOGEE DR14-DR12 and LAMOST on DR12 surface gravity for stars hotter than 4800 K and in the log g range between 2.0 and 2.8 dex. We do not observe an [Fe/H] dependency in the gravity discrepancies.</p>},
  articleno    = {A76},
  author       = {Anguiano, B. and Majewski, S. R. and Allende-Prieto, C. and Meszaros, S. and Jönsson, H. and García-Hernández, D. A. and Beaton, R. L. and Stringfellow, G. S. and Cunha, K. and Smith, V. V.},
  issn         = {0004-6361},
  keyword      = {Asteroseismology,Stars: fundamental parameters,Surveys},
  language     = {eng},
  publisher    = {EDP Sciences},
  series       = {Astronomy and Astrophysics},
  title        = {Comprehensive comparison between APOGEE and LAMOST : Radial velocities and atmospheric stellar parameters},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201833387},
  volume       = {620},
  year         = {2018},
}