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Cells in Culture, Cells in Suspense : Practices of Cultural Production in Foetal Cell Research

Wiszmeg, Andréa LU (2019)
Abstract
Parkinson’s disease is a neurodegenerative affliction to which researchers have long striven to find a cure. The human embryo is a source of vital cells used in regenerative medicine, as well as a powerful symbol of life. Using foetal cells from aborted embryos for transplantation to the brains of Parkinson patients is an avenue that has been explored by neuroscientists on and off for the last thirty years. This ethnological compilation thesis follows a national branch of a foetal cell transplantation trial through successes as well as challenges in processing foetal material into an effective, transplantable cell suspension. The cell suspension is conceptualized as a bio-object, and explored as something that produces new knowledge,... (More)
Parkinson’s disease is a neurodegenerative affliction to which researchers have long striven to find a cure. The human embryo is a source of vital cells used in regenerative medicine, as well as a powerful symbol of life. Using foetal cells from aborted embryos for transplantation to the brains of Parkinson patients is an avenue that has been explored by neuroscientists on and off for the last thirty years. This ethnological compilation thesis follows a national branch of a foetal cell transplantation trial through successes as well as challenges in processing foetal material into an effective, transplantable cell suspension. The cell suspension is conceptualized as a bio-object, and explored as something that produces new knowledge, emotions and logistical and ethical negotiations. These products are beyond the scope of trial and biomedical research in general, but they do nonetheless interact with and affect society at large.
New biomedical inventions and forms of therapies transgress the limits of life and death and the boundaries of individuals, as well as between species. Such cultural reordering challenges researchers, health care professionals as well patients on a daily basis. Exploring the intersection between instruction and practice, nature and culture as well as between science and ritual, this thesis contributes to a broader understanding of cultural and material conditions of knowledge production. It also offers a methodological elaboration of how a diffractive approach may be fruitful in ethnographic research, when trying to reconcile epistemological differences in cross-disciplinary endeavours.
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author
supervisor
opponent
  • professor Brown, Nik, University of York, England
organization
publishing date
type
Thesis
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Parkinson's disease, Foetal cells, Praxis, Evidence Based Practice, Ethnology, Ethnography, Science studies, Diffraction, knowledge production, Ethical issues, ethics in practice, ethnology, ethnography, science studies, foetal cells, parkinson's disease, praxis, knowledge production, ethics in practice, evidence based medicine, diffraction, cell transplantation, cross-disciplinarity, epistemology
edition
1
pages
210 pages
publisher
Department of Arts and Cultural Sciences, Lund University
defense location
C126, LUX, Helgonavägen 3, Lund
defense date
2019-02-15 10:15
ISBN
978-91-983690-8-3
978-91-983690-8-3
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
6c4fa6b0-cb23-455b-ac1b-524084e8efa2
date added to LUP
2019-01-16 12:24:36
date last changed
2019-01-17 17:13:57
@phdthesis{6c4fa6b0-cb23-455b-ac1b-524084e8efa2,
  abstract     = {Parkinson’s disease is a neurodegenerative affliction to which researchers have long striven to find a cure. The human embryo is a source of vital cells used in regenerative medicine, as well as a powerful symbol of life. Using foetal cells from aborted embryos for transplantation to the brains of Parkinson patients is an avenue that has been explored by neuroscientists on and off for the last thirty years. This ethnological compilation thesis follows a national branch of a foetal cell transplantation trial through successes as well as challenges in processing foetal material into an effective, transplantable cell suspension. The cell suspension is conceptualized as a bio-object, and explored as something that produces new knowledge, emotions and logistical and ethical negotiations. These products are beyond the scope of trial and biomedical research in general, but they do nonetheless interact with and affect society at large.<br/>New biomedical inventions and forms of therapies transgress the limits of life and death and the boundaries of individuals, as well as between species. Such cultural reordering challenges researchers, health care professionals as well patients on a daily basis. Exploring the intersection between instruction and practice, nature and culture as well as between science and ritual, this thesis contributes to a broader understanding of cultural and material conditions of knowledge production. It also offers a methodological elaboration of how a diffractive approach may be fruitful in ethnographic research, when trying to reconcile epistemological differences in cross-disciplinary endeavours. <br/>},
  author       = {Wiszmeg, Andréa},
  isbn         = {978-91-983690-8-3},
  keyword      = {Parkinson's disease,Foetal cells,Praxis,Evidence Based Practice,Ethnology,Ethnography,Science studies,Diffraction,knowledge production,Ethical issues,ethics in practice,ethnology,ethnography,science studies,foetal cells,parkinson's disease,praxis,knowledge production,ethics in practice,evidence based medicine,diffraction,cell transplantation,cross-disciplinarity,epistemology},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {01},
  pages        = {210},
  publisher    = {Department of Arts and Cultural Sciences, Lund University},
  school       = {Lund University},
  title        = {Cells in Culture, Cells in Suspense : Practices of Cultural Production in Foetal Cell Research},
  year         = {2019},
}