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Out-Sourcing the Inquisition: "Mass Dictatorship" in China's Cultural Revolution

Schoenhals, Michael LU (2008) In Totalitarian Movements and Political Religions 9(1). p.3-19
Abstract
This paper looks at an important yet little known component of what Chinese Communist Party Chairman Mao Zedong designated the “dictatorship of the masses”—the outsourcing by the supreme state leadership of selected surveillance, inquisitorial, and other violent tasks to what in a different political system would have been regarded as simply members of the public and/or non-governmental organizations. Making use of rare archival records, the paper documents the activities in the summer of 1967 of a group of eager and enthusiastic Beijing university students tasked by the highest authority with substantiating a case of alleged treachery by Mao’s nemesis and top-priority target of his Cultural Revolution, the PRC President Liu Shaoqi. Rather... (More)
This paper looks at an important yet little known component of what Chinese Communist Party Chairman Mao Zedong designated the “dictatorship of the masses”—the outsourcing by the supreme state leadership of selected surveillance, inquisitorial, and other violent tasks to what in a different political system would have been regarded as simply members of the public and/or non-governmental organizations. Making use of rare archival records, the paper documents the activities in the summer of 1967 of a group of eager and enthusiastic Beijing university students tasked by the highest authority with substantiating a case of alleged treachery by Mao’s nemesis and top-priority target of his Cultural Revolution, the PRC President Liu Shaoqi. Rather than merely build a single-strand narrative around this example of mass dictatorship in action and set out to prove the complicity of members of China’s public in state-sanctioned atrocity, the paper attempts to transcend such simple dichotomizing “perpetrators vs. victims” explanatory schemes by choosing a trope that allows for multiple and alternative readings of history. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
out-sourcing, Mao Zedong, Cultural Revolution, China, Red Guards
in
Totalitarian Movements and Political Religions
volume
9
issue
1
pages
3 - 19
publisher
Routledge
ISSN
1469-0764
project
Nittonhundratalets massdiktaturer
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
866e0638-4fce-423a-b7e6-3fac890c5344 (old id 714824)
date added to LUP
2007-12-18 15:14:30
date last changed
2016-04-16 01:43:37
@article{866e0638-4fce-423a-b7e6-3fac890c5344,
  abstract     = {This paper looks at an important yet little known component of what Chinese Communist Party Chairman Mao Zedong designated the “dictatorship of the masses”—the outsourcing by the supreme state leadership of selected surveillance, inquisitorial, and other violent tasks to what in a different political system would have been regarded as simply members of the public and/or non-governmental organizations. Making use of rare archival records, the paper documents the activities in the summer of 1967 of a group of eager and enthusiastic Beijing university students tasked by the highest authority with substantiating a case of alleged treachery by Mao’s nemesis and top-priority target of his Cultural Revolution, the PRC President Liu Shaoqi. Rather than merely build a single-strand narrative around this example of mass dictatorship in action and set out to prove the complicity of members of China’s public in state-sanctioned atrocity, the paper attempts to transcend such simple dichotomizing “perpetrators vs. victims” explanatory schemes by choosing a trope that allows for multiple and alternative readings of history.},
  author       = {Schoenhals, Michael},
  issn         = {1469-0764},
  keyword      = {out-sourcing,Mao Zedong,Cultural Revolution,China,Red Guards},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {3--19},
  publisher    = {Routledge},
  series       = {Totalitarian Movements and Political Religions},
  title        = {Out-Sourcing the Inquisition: "Mass Dictatorship" in China's Cultural Revolution},
  volume       = {9},
  year         = {2008},
}