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Chronic Respiratory Disorders and Their Treatment among Older People with Intellectual Disability and/or Autism Spectrum Disorder in Comparison with the General Population

Axmon, Anna LU ; Höglund, Peter LU and Ahlström, Gerd LU (2017) In Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland) 5(3). p.1-13
Abstract

Respiratory disorders are common among people with intellectual disabilities (ID). However, few studies have investigated these disorders among older people with ID. We identified 7936 people, aged 55+ years, with ID and a reference cohort from the general population. Data on diagnoses of chronic respiratory disorders, with a focus on asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), were collected, as was information on health care visits due to such disorders. We also added data on the prescription of drugs for obstructive airway diseases. Whereas the risk of having at least one diagnosis of asthma during the study period was similar in the two cohorts, people with ID were less likely than the general population to have been... (More)

Respiratory disorders are common among people with intellectual disabilities (ID). However, few studies have investigated these disorders among older people with ID. We identified 7936 people, aged 55+ years, with ID and a reference cohort from the general population. Data on diagnoses of chronic respiratory disorders, with a focus on asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), were collected, as was information on health care visits due to such disorders. We also added data on the prescription of drugs for obstructive airway diseases. Whereas the risk of having at least one diagnosis of asthma during the study period was similar in the two cohorts, people with ID were less likely than the general population to have been diagnosed with COPD. The same was found for health care visits due to asthma and COPD, respectively. The patterns of drug prescription were similar among people with ID and the general population, with the exception of adrenergics for systemic use, which were more commonly prescribed to people with ID. Thus, older people with ID do not seem to have an increased risk of asthma or COPD. Moreover, the indications are that when diagnosed with any of these disorders, they receive treatment adapted to their particular needs.

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author
organization
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Contribution to journal
publication status
epub
subject
keywords
Journal Article
in
Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
volume
5
issue
3
pages
1 - 13
ISSN
2227-9032
DOI
10.3390/healthcare5030040
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
715f8c8c-1970-4c58-8e2a-96c1eaac9baf
date added to LUP
2017-08-08 12:05:17
date last changed
2017-08-08 14:07:38
@article{715f8c8c-1970-4c58-8e2a-96c1eaac9baf,
  abstract     = {<p>Respiratory disorders are common among people with intellectual disabilities (ID). However, few studies have investigated these disorders among older people with ID. We identified 7936 people, aged 55+ years, with ID and a reference cohort from the general population. Data on diagnoses of chronic respiratory disorders, with a focus on asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), were collected, as was information on health care visits due to such disorders. We also added data on the prescription of drugs for obstructive airway diseases. Whereas the risk of having at least one diagnosis of asthma during the study period was similar in the two cohorts, people with ID were less likely than the general population to have been diagnosed with COPD. The same was found for health care visits due to asthma and COPD, respectively. The patterns of drug prescription were similar among people with ID and the general population, with the exception of adrenergics for systemic use, which were more commonly prescribed to people with ID. Thus, older people with ID do not seem to have an increased risk of asthma or COPD. Moreover, the indications are that when diagnosed with any of these disorders, they receive treatment adapted to their particular needs.</p>},
  author       = {Axmon, Anna and Höglund, Peter and Ahlström, Gerd},
  issn         = {2227-9032},
  keyword      = {Journal Article},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {08},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {1--13},
  series       = {Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)},
  title        = {Chronic Respiratory Disorders and Their Treatment among Older People with Intellectual Disability and/or Autism Spectrum Disorder in Comparison with the General Population},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/healthcare5030040},
  volume       = {5},
  year         = {2017},
}