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Did Industrialization Lead to Segregation in Cities of the Nineteenth Century? The Case of Uppsala 1880–1900

Molinder, Jakob LU and Söderhäll, Martin (2019) In Scandinavian Economic History Review p.23-44
Abstract
How did industrialisation affect land use and residential patterns in cities of the nineteenth century? We use census data and GIS mapping techniques to analyse class segregation and changes to the spatial structure using the case of Uppsala, Sweden between 1880 and 1900. We find that there was a clear concentration of business activity in the central district and in proximity to the transportation hubs. Since these activities became more numerous but remained concentrated, they likely increased land values in the central areas of the city, inducing the lowest social classes to locate away from the centre. However, while these households were pushed out, it did not result in the type of class segregation we observe in many... (More)
How did industrialisation affect land use and residential patterns in cities of the nineteenth century? We use census data and GIS mapping techniques to analyse class segregation and changes to the spatial structure using the case of Uppsala, Sweden between 1880 and 1900. We find that there was a clear concentration of business activity in the central district and in proximity to the transportation hubs. Since these activities became more numerous but remained concentrated, they likely increased land values in the central areas of the city, inducing the lowest social classes to locate away from the centre. However, while these households were pushed out, it did not result in the type of class segregation we observe in many twentieth-century cities. Before the widespread use of transport technologies allowing populations to sprawl, city expansion in the type of middle-sized city that we study led instead to increased density and mixed uses in the central areas. (Less)
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author
and
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
land use, residential patterns, segregation, GIS, spatial structure
in
Scandinavian Economic History Review
article number
68:1
pages
22 pages
publisher
Routledge
external identifiers
  • scopus:85080835851
ISSN
1750-2837
DOI
10.1080/03585522.2019.1640787
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
71737619-e54c-4b58-bb66-8205729bc2a6
date added to LUP
2020-05-25 15:21:09
date last changed
2020-05-31 06:55:55
@article{71737619-e54c-4b58-bb66-8205729bc2a6,
  abstract     = {How did industrialisation affect land use and residential patterns in cities of the nineteenth century? We use census data and GIS mapping techniques to analyse class segregation and changes to the spatial structure using the case of Uppsala, Sweden between 1880 and 1900. We find that there was a clear concentration of business activity in the central district and in proximity to the transportation hubs. Since these activities became more numerous but remained concentrated, they likely increased land values in the central areas of the city, inducing the lowest social classes to locate away from the centre. However, while these households were pushed out, it did not result in the type of class segregation we observe in many twentieth-century cities. Before the widespread use of transport technologies allowing populations to sprawl, city expansion in the type of middle-sized city that we study led instead to increased density and mixed uses in the central areas.},
  author       = {Molinder, Jakob and Söderhäll, Martin},
  issn         = {1750-2837},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {07},
  pages        = {23--44},
  publisher    = {Routledge},
  series       = {Scandinavian Economic History Review},
  title        = {Did Industrialization Lead to Segregation in Cities of the Nineteenth Century? The Case of Uppsala 1880–1900},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03585522.2019.1640787},
  doi          = {10.1080/03585522.2019.1640787},
  year         = {2019},
}