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Collagen remodelling and plasma ascorbic acid levels in patients suspected of inherited bleeding disorders harbouring germline variants in collagen‐related genes

Fager Ferrari, Marcus LU ; Zetterberg, Eva LU ; Rossing, Maria ; Manon‐jensen, Tina ; Pehrsson, Martin ; Karsdal, Morten A. ; Lykkesfeldt, Jens and Leinoe, Eva (2020) In Haemophilia
Abstract
INTRODUCTION: Variants in collagen-related genes COL1A1, COL3A1, COL5A1 and
COL5A2 are associated with Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS), a heterogeneous group
of connective tissue disorders strongly associated with increased bleeding. Of patients
with incompletely explained bleeding diathesis, a relatively high proportion were shown to harbour at least one heterozygous variant of unknown significance (VUS) in one of these genes, the vast majority without meeting the clinical criteria for EDS.

AIM: To investigate the functional consequences of the identified variants by assessing
the formation and degradation of types I, III and V collagen, in addition to plasma
levels of ascorbic acid... (More)
INTRODUCTION: Variants in collagen-related genes COL1A1, COL3A1, COL5A1 and
COL5A2 are associated with Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS), a heterogeneous group
of connective tissue disorders strongly associated with increased bleeding. Of patients
with incompletely explained bleeding diathesis, a relatively high proportion were shown to harbour at least one heterozygous variant of unknown significance (VUS) in one of these genes, the vast majority without meeting the clinical criteria for EDS.

AIM: To investigate the functional consequences of the identified variants by assessing
the formation and degradation of types I, III and V collagen, in addition to plasma
levels of ascorbic acid (AA).

METHODS: A total of 31 patients harbouring at least one heterozygous VUS in COL1A1, COL3A1, COL5A1 or COL5A2 and 20 healthy controls were assessed using monoclonal antibodies targeting neo-epitopes specific for collagen formation and degradation. Plasma AA levels were measured in patients using high-performance liquid chromatography.

RESULTS: Serum levels of C5M (degradation of type V collagen) were decreased in
patients compared with healthy controls (p = .033). No significant differences were
found in biomarkers for remodelling of types I and III collagen. A significant negative
correlation between bleeding (ISTH-BAT score) and plasma AA levels was shown
(r = −.42; r2 = .17; p = .020). Suboptimal or marginally deficient AA status was found
in 8/31 patients (26%).

CONCLUSION: Functional investigations of collagen remodelling were not able to identify any clear associations between the identified variants and increased bleeding.
The negative correlation between plasma AA levels and ISTH-BAT score motivates
further investigations. (Less)
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organization
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Contribution to journal
publication status
epub
subject
in
Haemophilia
publisher
Federation of European Neuroscience Societies and Blackwell Publishing Ltd
external identifiers
  • scopus:85096688631
ISSN
1351-8216
DOI
10.1111/hae.14195
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
724cd0b0-d16c-46fb-9e64-e7086d6c1900
date added to LUP
2020-11-08 08:18:31
date last changed
2020-12-13 04:52:10
@article{724cd0b0-d16c-46fb-9e64-e7086d6c1900,
  abstract     = {INTRODUCTION: Variants in collagen-related genes <i>COL1A1</i>, <i>COL3A1</i>, <i>COL5A1</i> and<br/><i>COL5A2</i> are associated with Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS), a heterogeneous group<br/>of connective tissue disorders strongly associated with increased bleeding. Of patients<br/>with incompletely explained bleeding diathesis, a relatively high proportion were shown to harbour at least one heterozygous variant of unknown significance (VUS) in one of these genes, the vast majority without meeting the clinical criteria for EDS.<br/><br/>AIM: To investigate the functional consequences of the identified variants by assessing<br/>the formation and degradation of types I, III and V collagen, in addition to plasma<br/>levels of ascorbic acid (AA).<br/><br/>METHODS: A total of 31 patients harbouring at least one heterozygous VUS in <i>COL1A1</i>, <i>COL3A1</i>, <i>COL5A1</i> or <i>COL5A2</i> and 20 healthy controls were assessed using monoclonal antibodies targeting neo-epitopes specific for collagen formation and degradation. Plasma AA levels were measured in patients using high-performance liquid chromatography.<br/><br/>RESULTS: Serum levels of C5M (degradation of type V collagen) were decreased in<br/>patients compared with healthy controls (p = .033). No significant differences were<br/>found in biomarkers for remodelling of types I and III collagen. A significant negative<br/>correlation between bleeding (ISTH-BAT score) and plasma AA levels was shown<br/>(<i>r</i> = −.42; <i>r<sup>2</sup></i> = .17; <i>p</i> = .020). Suboptimal or marginally deficient AA status was found<br/>in 8/31 patients (26%).<br/><br/>CONCLUSION: Functional investigations of collagen remodelling were not able to identify any clear associations between the identified variants and increased bleeding.<br/>The negative correlation between plasma AA levels and ISTH-BAT score motivates<br/>further investigations.},
  author       = {Fager Ferrari, Marcus and Zetterberg, Eva and Rossing, Maria and Manon‐jensen, Tina and Pehrsson, Martin and Karsdal, Morten A. and Lykkesfeldt, Jens and Leinoe, Eva},
  issn         = {1351-8216},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {11},
  publisher    = {Federation of European Neuroscience Societies and Blackwell Publishing Ltd},
  series       = {Haemophilia},
  title        = {Collagen remodelling and plasma ascorbic acid levels in patients suspected of inherited bleeding disorders harbouring germline variants in collagen‐related genes},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/hae.14195},
  doi          = {10.1111/hae.14195},
  year         = {2020},
}