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Articulation in time : Some word-initial segments in Swedish

Svensson Lundmark, Malin LU (2020)
Abstract
Speech is both dynamic and distinctive at the same time. This implies a certain contradiction which has entertained researchers in phonetics and phonology for decades. The present dissertation assumes that articulation behaves as a function of time, and that we can find phonological structures in the dynamical systems. EMA is used to measure mechanical movements in Swedish speakers. The results show that tonal context affects articulatory coordination. Acceleration seems to divide the movements of the jaw and lips into intervals of postures and active movements. These intervals are affected differently by the tonal context. Furthermore, a bilabial consonant is shorter if the next consonant is also made with the lips. A hypothesis of a... (More)
Speech is both dynamic and distinctive at the same time. This implies a certain contradiction which has entertained researchers in phonetics and phonology for decades. The present dissertation assumes that articulation behaves as a function of time, and that we can find phonological structures in the dynamical systems. EMA is used to measure mechanical movements in Swedish speakers. The results show that tonal context affects articulatory coordination. Acceleration seems to divide the movements of the jaw and lips into intervals of postures and active movements. These intervals are affected differently by the tonal context. Furthermore, a bilabial consonant is shorter if the next consonant is also made with the lips. A hypothesis of a correlation between acoustic segment duration and acceleration is presented. The dissertation highlights the importance of time for how speech ultimately sounds. Particularly significant is the combination of articulatory timing and articulatory duration. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
supervisor
opponent
  • professor Donna Erickson, Yale University
organization
publishing date
type
Thesis
publication status
published
subject
keywords
acceleration, articulation, articulography, coarticulation, EMA, gesture, phonology, prosody, speech motor control, speech production modelling, Swedish, word accent, tone
pages
224 pages
publisher
Lund University
defense location
digitalt via https://lu-se.zoom.us/j/64690134686?pwd=N29HbG1IZ0N4SVJDZllsdHhXM1dXQT09
defense date
2020-10-23 16:00:00
ISBN
978-91-89213-20-3
978-91-89213-21-0
project
Intra-syllabic structures of articulatory gestures in Swedish
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
72fa72a8-da32-43e6-ab98-045ba8800fe6
date added to LUP
2020-09-23 11:18:06
date last changed
2020-12-03 10:47:03
@phdthesis{72fa72a8-da32-43e6-ab98-045ba8800fe6,
  abstract     = {Speech is both dynamic and distinctive at the same time. This implies a certain contradiction which has entertained researchers in phonetics and phonology for decades. The present dissertation assumes that articulation behaves as a function of time, and that we can find phonological structures in the dynamical systems. EMA is used to measure mechanical movements in Swedish speakers. The results show that tonal context affects articulatory coordination. Acceleration seems to divide the movements of the jaw and lips into intervals of postures and active movements. These intervals are affected differently by the tonal context. Furthermore, a bilabial consonant is shorter if the next consonant is also made with the lips. A hypothesis of a correlation between acoustic segment duration and acceleration is presented. The dissertation highlights the importance of time for how speech ultimately sounds. Particularly significant is the combination of articulatory timing and articulatory duration.},
  author       = {Svensson Lundmark, Malin},
  isbn         = {978-91-89213-20-3},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {09},
  publisher    = {Lund University},
  school       = {Lund University},
  title        = {Articulation in time : Some word-initial segments in Swedish},
  url          = {https://lup.lub.lu.se/search/files/84061604/Malin_Svensson_Lundmark_Articulation_in_time.pdf},
  year         = {2020},
}