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Energizing agroforestry : Ilex guayusa as an additional commodity to diversify Amazonian agroforestry systems

Krause, Torsten LU and Ness, Barry LU (2017) In International Journal of Biodiversity Science, Ecosystems Services and Management 13(1). p.191-203
Abstract
Guayusa (Ilex guayusa) is a native tree of the western Amazon region grown by indigenou farmers in traditional agroforestry systems. Its leaves are used as a drink similar to tea, which is now commercialized and marketed outside of the Amazon. To assess the impacts from the
early stages of commercial guayusa production, we conducted interviews in four commercial guayusa-producing communities with indigenous guayusa farmers in the Ecuadorian Amazon. We focus on their experiences and critically discuss and speculate about the socio-ecological implications of the expanding commercialization of guayusa, particularly in relation to propositions of this special issue. Results reveal that revenues from guayusa have not overtaken those... (More)
Guayusa (Ilex guayusa) is a native tree of the western Amazon region grown by indigenou farmers in traditional agroforestry systems. Its leaves are used as a drink similar to tea, which is now commercialized and marketed outside of the Amazon. To assess the impacts from the
early stages of commercial guayusa production, we conducted interviews in four commercial guayusa-producing communities with indigenous guayusa farmers in the Ecuadorian Amazon. We focus on their experiences and critically discuss and speculate about the socio-ecological implications of the expanding commercialization of guayusa, particularly in relation to propositions of this special issue. Results reveal that revenues from guayusa have not overtaken those from other cash crops. Commercializing guayusa can have benefits for farmers and the environment, provided that rigorous criteria that measure social and environmental impacts are adhered to. Furthermore, guaysa production is characterized by vertical integration where many individual farmers supply one processing and wholesale company in a short value chain fostering a locally tailored certification approach that is able to exert the continuation of the traditional agroforestry practices. Yet, sustainability initiatives, standards and certification only provide partial solutions for protecting ecosystem services in the Ecuadorian Amazon. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
International Journal of Biodiversity Science, Ecosystems Services and Management
volume
13
issue
1
pages
12 pages
publisher
Taylor & Francis
external identifiers
  • scopus:85034610506
ISSN
2151-3732
DOI
10.1080/21513732.2017.1303646
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
73b3f3e1-3c0e-44c3-9c0b-8f6234a76e38
date added to LUP
2017-03-16 09:20:23
date last changed
2018-01-07 11:55:36
@article{73b3f3e1-3c0e-44c3-9c0b-8f6234a76e38,
  abstract     = {Guayusa (<i>Ilex  guayusa</i>) is a native tree of the western Amazon region grown by indigenou farmers in traditional agroforestry systems. Its leaves are used as a drink similar to tea, which is now commercialized and marketed outside of the Amazon. To assess the impacts from the<br/>early stages of commercial guayusa production, we conducted interviews in four commercial guayusa-producing communities with indigenous guayusa farmers in the Ecuadorian Amazon. We focus on their experiences and critically discuss and speculate about the socio-ecological implications of the expanding commercialization of guayusa, particularly in relation to propositions of this special issue. Results reveal that revenues from guayusa have not overtaken those from other cash crops. Commercializing guayusa can have benefits for farmers and the environment, provided that rigorous criteria that measure social and environmental impacts are adhered to. Furthermore, guaysa production is characterized by vertical integration where many individual farmers supply one processing and wholesale company in a short value chain fostering a locally tailored certification approach that is able to exert the continuation of the traditional agroforestry practices. Yet, sustainability initiatives, standards and certification only provide partial solutions for protecting ecosystem services in the Ecuadorian Amazon.},
  author       = {Krause, Torsten and Ness, Barry},
  issn         = {2151-3732},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {03},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {191--203},
  publisher    = {Taylor & Francis},
  series       = {International Journal of Biodiversity Science, Ecosystems Services and Management},
  title        = {Energizing agroforestry : <i>Ilex guayusa </i>as an additional commodity to diversify Amazonian agroforestry systems},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21513732.2017.1303646},
  volume       = {13},
  year         = {2017},
}