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Humanitarian supply chain strategies – a review of how actors mitigate supply chain risks

Jahre, Marianne LU (2017) In Journal of Humanitarian Logistics and Supply Chain Management 7(2). p.82-101
Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to link humanitarian logistics (HL) and supply chain risk management (SCRM) to provide an understanding of risk mitigation strategies that humanitarian organisations use, or could use, to improve their logistics preparedness. Design/methodology/approach: Based on systematic reviews of RMS in SCRM and supply chain strategies (SCS) in HL literature, a framework is developed and used to review published case studies in HL. Findings: The study finds that humanitarian actors use a number of the strategies proposed in the framework, particularly those related to strategic stocks, postponement, and collaboration. Strategies related to sourcing and procurement, however, especially those on supplier... (More)

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to link humanitarian logistics (HL) and supply chain risk management (SCRM) to provide an understanding of risk mitigation strategies that humanitarian organisations use, or could use, to improve their logistics preparedness. Design/methodology/approach: Based on systematic reviews of RMS in SCRM and supply chain strategies (SCS) in HL literature, a framework is developed and used to review published case studies in HL. Findings: The study finds that humanitarian actors use a number of the strategies proposed in the framework, particularly those related to strategic stocks, postponement, and collaboration. Strategies related to sourcing and procurement, however, especially those on supplier relationships, seem to be lacking in both research and practice. Research limitations/implications: The study is based on secondary data and could be further developed through case studies based on primary data. Future studies should explore the generalisability of the findings. Practical implications: Practitioners can use the framework to identify potential new SCS and how strategies can be combined. Findings can help them to understand the abnormal risks of main concern, how they may impact normal risks, and provide ideas on how to tackle trade-offs between different risks. Social implications: The results can support improvements in humanitarian supply chains, which will provide affected people with rapid, cost-efficient, and better-adapted responses. Originality/value: The paper connects SCRM and HL to develop a framework and suggests propositions on how humanitarian actors can mitigate supply chain risks. Questioning the focus on strategic stock it suggests complementary or alternative strategies for improving logistics preparedness.

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Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Framework, Humanitarian logistics, Review, Risk, Strategy, Supply chain
in
Journal of Humanitarian Logistics and Supply Chain Management
volume
7
issue
2
pages
20 pages
publisher
Emerald Group Publishing Limited
external identifiers
  • scopus:85023629052
  • wos:000406794500001
ISSN
2042-6747
DOI
10.1108/JHLSCM-12-2016-0043
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
73ba5247-9d73-4166-9eb2-b0486f9bdeef
date added to LUP
2017-07-27 14:30:46
date last changed
2017-09-18 11:40:09
@article{73ba5247-9d73-4166-9eb2-b0486f9bdeef,
  abstract     = {<p>Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to link humanitarian logistics (HL) and supply chain risk management (SCRM) to provide an understanding of risk mitigation strategies that humanitarian organisations use, or could use, to improve their logistics preparedness. Design/methodology/approach: Based on systematic reviews of RMS in SCRM and supply chain strategies (SCS) in HL literature, a framework is developed and used to review published case studies in HL. Findings: The study finds that humanitarian actors use a number of the strategies proposed in the framework, particularly those related to strategic stocks, postponement, and collaboration. Strategies related to sourcing and procurement, however, especially those on supplier relationships, seem to be lacking in both research and practice. Research limitations/implications: The study is based on secondary data and could be further developed through case studies based on primary data. Future studies should explore the generalisability of the findings. Practical implications: Practitioners can use the framework to identify potential new SCS and how strategies can be combined. Findings can help them to understand the abnormal risks of main concern, how they may impact normal risks, and provide ideas on how to tackle trade-offs between different risks. Social implications: The results can support improvements in humanitarian supply chains, which will provide affected people with rapid, cost-efficient, and better-adapted responses. Originality/value: The paper connects SCRM and HL to develop a framework and suggests propositions on how humanitarian actors can mitigate supply chain risks. Questioning the focus on strategic stock it suggests complementary or alternative strategies for improving logistics preparedness.</p>},
  author       = {Jahre, Marianne},
  issn         = {2042-6747},
  keyword      = {Framework,Humanitarian logistics,Review,Risk,Strategy,Supply chain},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {82--101},
  publisher    = {Emerald Group Publishing Limited},
  series       = {Journal of Humanitarian Logistics and Supply Chain Management},
  title        = {Humanitarian supply chain strategies – a review of how actors mitigate supply chain risks},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/JHLSCM-12-2016-0043},
  volume       = {7},
  year         = {2017},
}