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Evacuation experiments in a smoke filled tunnel

Frantzich, Håkan LU and Nilsson, Daniel LU (2004) 3rd International Symposium on Human Behaviour in Fire In [Host publication title missing] p.229-238
Abstract
Evacuation experiments were performed to investigate the walking speed and the behaviour in smoke filled road tunnels. Three types of wayguidance systems, namely flashing lights, rows of flashing lights and floor markings, were tested in the experiments. A thermal imaging infrared camera was used to observe human behaviour during evacuation. The results show a relationship between the walking speed and the extinction coefficient. The study also reveals that persons who follow a wall without emergency exits in a smoke filled tunnel may not notice exits at the opposite side, which may be devastating during a real tunnel fire. Based on the experiments recommendations are given on how tunnels can be designed to improve the fire safety and make... (More)
Evacuation experiments were performed to investigate the walking speed and the behaviour in smoke filled road tunnels. Three types of wayguidance systems, namely flashing lights, rows of flashing lights and floor markings, were tested in the experiments. A thermal imaging infrared camera was used to observe human behaviour during evacuation. The results show a relationship between the walking speed and the extinction coefficient. The study also reveals that persons who follow a wall without emergency exits in a smoke filled tunnel may not notice exits at the opposite side, which may be devastating during a real tunnel fire. Based on the experiments recommendations are given on how tunnels can be designed to improve the fire safety and make evacuation through smoke easier. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding
publication status
published
subject
keywords
acetic acid., tunnel, human behaviour in fire, evacuation, smoke
in
[Host publication title missing]
pages
10 pages
publisher
Interscience Communications
conference name
3rd International Symposium on Human Behaviour in Fire
ISBN
09541216-6-X
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
305ae20e-8371-4620-9e13-589685e66a22 (old id 742533)
date added to LUP
2007-12-12 17:38:14
date last changed
2016-04-16 08:09:09
@inproceedings{305ae20e-8371-4620-9e13-589685e66a22,
  abstract     = {Evacuation experiments were performed to investigate the walking speed and the behaviour in smoke filled road tunnels. Three types of wayguidance systems, namely flashing lights, rows of flashing lights and floor markings, were tested in the experiments. A thermal imaging infrared camera was used to observe human behaviour during evacuation. The results show a relationship between the walking speed and the extinction coefficient. The study also reveals that persons who follow a wall without emergency exits in a smoke filled tunnel may not notice exits at the opposite side, which may be devastating during a real tunnel fire. Based on the experiments recommendations are given on how tunnels can be designed to improve the fire safety and make evacuation through smoke easier.},
  author       = {Frantzich, Håkan and Nilsson, Daniel},
  booktitle    = {[Host publication title missing]},
  isbn         = {09541216-6-X},
  keyword      = {acetic acid.,tunnel,human behaviour in fire,evacuation,smoke},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {229--238},
  publisher    = {Interscience Communications},
  title        = {Evacuation experiments in a smoke filled tunnel},
  year         = {2004},
}