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Psychological Health, Trauma, Dissociation, Absorption, and Fantasy Proneness Among Danish Spiritual Practitioners

Cardeña, Etzel LU ; Reijman, Sophie; Lawaetz Wimmelmann, Cathrine and Jensen, Christian Gaden (2015) In Psychology of Consciousness : Theory, Research, and Practice 2(2). p.170-184
Abstract
Groups of spiritual practitioners (P) (n = 38), long-term residents in a center offering spiritual courses (R) (n = 8), and matched control groups from a general, population sample for P (CP) (n = 45) and for R (CR) (n = 14) were compared. P had high levels of education and tended to be in a committed relationship and belong to the Danish National Church, whereas R had a lower level of education and were unlikely to be in a committed relationship or belong to the Church, suggesting social marginality. All groups completed the Brief Symptom Inventory-53 (BSI-53), a measure of psychological distress. P did not differ from the control groups in the Global Severity scale (GSI) or the other subscales of the BSI-53 except for scoring lower on... (More)
Groups of spiritual practitioners (P) (n = 38), long-term residents in a center offering spiritual courses (R) (n = 8), and matched control groups from a general, population sample for P (CP) (n = 45) and for R (CR) (n = 14) were compared. P had high levels of education and tended to be in a committed relationship and belong to the Danish National Church, whereas R had a lower level of education and were unlikely to be in a committed relationship or belong to the Church, suggesting social marginality. All groups completed the Brief Symptom Inventory-53 (BSI-53), a measure of psychological distress. P did not differ from the control groups in the Global Severity scale (GSI) or the other subscales of the BSI-53 except for scoring lower on the phobic anxiety subscale. In contrast, R scored higher in the GSI and most BSI-53 subscales than P and the control groups, and published norms for Danish and US populations. P and R did not differ in the subscales of somatization or interpersonal sensitivity. These two groups also filled out measures of dissociation, general and severe trauma, absorption, and fantasy proneness. R scored higher than P in dissociation, severe trauma, and absorption. The GSI correlated with dissociation, a history of serious trauma and (weakly) with absorption, but not with general trauma or fantasy-proneness. Overall, the results do not support the view that most spiritual practitioners have higher psychological distress or are socially marginal, although there is a subset of more troubled individuals. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
spiritual practitioners, psychopathology, dissociation, absorption, anomalous experience
in
Psychology of Consciousness : Theory, Research, and Practice
volume
2
issue
2
pages
170 - 184
publisher
American Psychological Association (APA)
ISSN
2326-5523
DOI
10.1037/cns0000047
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
cf18612a-48fb-49d0-912a-0c525a72c38b (old id 7471004)
date added to LUP
2015-07-01 14:14:47
date last changed
2016-11-10 13:34:30
@article{cf18612a-48fb-49d0-912a-0c525a72c38b,
  abstract     = {Groups of spiritual practitioners (P) (n = 38), long-term residents in a center offering spiritual courses (R) (n = 8), and matched control groups from a general, population sample for P (CP) (n = 45) and for R (CR) (n = 14) were compared. P had high levels of education and tended to be in a committed relationship and belong to the Danish National Church, whereas R had a lower level of education and were unlikely to be in a committed relationship or belong to the Church, suggesting social marginality. All groups completed the Brief Symptom Inventory-53 (BSI-53), a measure of psychological distress. P did not differ from the control groups in the Global Severity scale (GSI) or the other subscales of the BSI-53 except for scoring lower on the phobic anxiety subscale. In contrast, R scored higher in the GSI and most BSI-53 subscales than P and the control groups, and published norms for Danish and US populations. P and R did not differ in the subscales of somatization or interpersonal sensitivity. These two groups also filled out measures of dissociation, general and severe trauma, absorption, and fantasy proneness. R scored higher than P in dissociation, severe trauma, and absorption. The GSI correlated with dissociation, a history of serious trauma and (weakly) with absorption, but not with general trauma or fantasy-proneness. Overall, the results do not support the view that most spiritual practitioners have higher psychological distress or are socially marginal, although there is a subset of more troubled individuals.},
  author       = {Cardeña, Etzel and Reijman, Sophie and Lawaetz Wimmelmann, Cathrine and Jensen, Christian Gaden},
  issn         = {2326-5523},
  keyword      = {spiritual practitioners,psychopathology,dissociation,absorption,anomalous experience},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {170--184},
  publisher    = {American Psychological Association (APA)},
  series       = {Psychology of Consciousness : Theory, Research, and Practice},
  title        = {Psychological Health, Trauma, Dissociation, Absorption, and Fantasy Proneness Among Danish Spiritual Practitioners},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cns0000047},
  volume       = {2},
  year         = {2015},
}