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A snapshot of terror: Acute posttraumatic reactions to the September 11 attack.

Cardeña, Etzel LU ; Dennis, J Muchael; Winkel, Mars and Skitka, Linda (2005) In Journal of Trauma & Dissociation 6(2). p.69-84
Abstract
This paper reports on acute posttraumatic reactions and forms of coping to the September 11 attack. We conducted a survey within three weeks of the attack on a nationwide, representative sample of individuals 13 years or older (N = 3,134). Measures included the Stanford Acute Stress Reaction Questionnaire (SASRQ), the brief version of the COPE, and questions about demographics and attitudes toward the attackers. Results show that residents of New York City--women, young adults (but not teens), and people recently immigrated into the country experienced more distress about the attack. There was a positive linear association between hours of watching TV news related to the attack and distress, and a small positive association between... (More)
This paper reports on acute posttraumatic reactions and forms of coping to the September 11 attack. We conducted a survey within three weeks of the attack on a nationwide, representative sample of individuals 13 years or older (N = 3,134). Measures included the Stanford Acute Stress Reaction Questionnaire (SASRQ), the brief version of the COPE, and questions about demographics and attitudes toward the attackers. Results show that residents of New York City--women, young adults (but not teens), and people recently immigrated into the country experienced more distress about the attack. There was a positive linear association between hours of watching TV news related to the attack and distress, and a small positive association between hostility toward the perpetrators, TV watching, and distress. Income, religion, education, and ethnicity did not have an effect on distress. Maladaptive coping strategies and TV watching explained considerably more variance than did demographics. Reactions to acute trauma seem to depend on the lack of appropriate coping strategies. The curvilinear relationship between age and posttraumatic distress suggests caution when interpreting previous findings about age and posttraumatic reactions. The association between media exposure, coping styles, and acute distress among teens extends previous findings and deserves further investigation. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
September 11 attack, acute posttraumatic responses, distress, coping style, terror
in
Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
volume
6
issue
2
pages
69 - 84
publisher
Haworth Press
external identifiers
  • scopus:27944438503
ISSN
1529-9740
DOI
10.1300/J229v06n02_07
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
536f38fa-ad62-432c-8380-75515636d7ff (old id 749132)
date added to LUP
2007-12-20 13:45:57
date last changed
2017-08-27 03:55:09
@article{536f38fa-ad62-432c-8380-75515636d7ff,
  abstract     = {This paper reports on acute posttraumatic reactions and forms of coping to the September 11 attack. We conducted a survey within three weeks of the attack on a nationwide, representative sample of individuals 13 years or older (N = 3,134). Measures included the Stanford Acute Stress Reaction Questionnaire (SASRQ), the brief version of the COPE, and questions about demographics and attitudes toward the attackers. Results show that residents of New York City--women, young adults (but not teens), and people recently immigrated into the country experienced more distress about the attack. There was a positive linear association between hours of watching TV news related to the attack and distress, and a small positive association between hostility toward the perpetrators, TV watching, and distress. Income, religion, education, and ethnicity did not have an effect on distress. Maladaptive coping strategies and TV watching explained considerably more variance than did demographics. Reactions to acute trauma seem to depend on the lack of appropriate coping strategies. The curvilinear relationship between age and posttraumatic distress suggests caution when interpreting previous findings about age and posttraumatic reactions. The association between media exposure, coping styles, and acute distress among teens extends previous findings and deserves further investigation.},
  author       = {Cardeña, Etzel and Dennis, J Muchael and Winkel, Mars and Skitka, Linda},
  issn         = {1529-9740},
  keyword      = {September 11 attack,acute posttraumatic responses,distress,coping style,terror},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {69--84},
  publisher    = {Haworth Press},
  series       = {Journal of Trauma & Dissociation},
  title        = {A snapshot of terror: Acute posttraumatic reactions to the September 11 attack.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1300/J229v06n02_07},
  volume       = {6},
  year         = {2005},
}