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Dysphagia in systemic disease

Mandl, Thomas LU and Ekberg, Olle LU (2017) In Medical Radiology p.237-245
Abstract

Systemic disease may result in dysphagia through numerous mechanisms. For example, salivary gland impairment may result in xerostomia, which as well as resulting in painful mucosal blisters and ulcers may impair oral function. Acute or chronic inflammatory processes may result in strictures in the esophagus and/or pharynx. Furthermore, altered biomechanics of oral, pharyngeal, and esophageal musculature may be found in patients with rheumatoid arthritis with cervical spine abnormalities and in patients with scleroderma. Finally, systemic vasculitides involving the central nervous system may result in cortical and brainstem ischemia leading to neurological impairment hampering the swallowing process.

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author
publishing date
type
Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding
publication status
published
subject
in
Medical Radiology
pages
9 pages
publisher
Springer Verlag
external identifiers
  • scopus:85052387709
ISSN
0942-5373
2197-4187
DOI
10.1007/174_2017_61
language
English
LU publication?
no
id
74db80a8-f184-45e9-9602-df830aa5c96a
date added to LUP
2018-09-14 12:39:40
date last changed
2018-09-16 04:57:20
@inbook{74db80a8-f184-45e9-9602-df830aa5c96a,
  abstract     = {<p>Systemic disease may result in dysphagia through numerous mechanisms. For example, salivary gland impairment may result in xerostomia, which as well as resulting in painful mucosal blisters and ulcers may impair oral function. Acute or chronic inflammatory processes may result in strictures in the esophagus and/or pharynx. Furthermore, altered biomechanics of oral, pharyngeal, and esophageal musculature may be found in patients with rheumatoid arthritis with cervical spine abnormalities and in patients with scleroderma. Finally, systemic vasculitides involving the central nervous system may result in cortical and brainstem ischemia leading to neurological impairment hampering the swallowing process.</p>},
  author       = {Mandl, Thomas and Ekberg, Olle},
  issn         = {0942-5373},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {04},
  pages        = {237--245},
  publisher    = {Springer Verlag},
  series       = {Medical Radiology},
  title        = {Dysphagia in systemic disease},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/174_2017_61},
  year         = {2017},
}