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Economic burden of obesity : A systematic literature review

Tremmel, Maximilian LU ; Gerdtham, Ulf G. LU ; Nilsson, Peter M. LU and Saha, Sanjib LU (2017) In International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 14(4).
Abstract

Background: The rising prevalence of obesity represents an important public health issue. An assessment of its costs may be useful in providing recommendations for policy and decision makers. This systematic review aimed to assess the economic burden of obesity and to identify, measure and describe the different obesity-related diseases included in the selected studies. Methods: A systematic literature search of studies in the English language was carried out in Medline (PubMed) and Web of Science databases to select cost-of-illness studies calculating the cost of obesity in a study population aged ≥18 years with obesity, as defined by a body mass index of ≥30 kg/m², for the whole selected country. The time frame for the analysis was... (More)

Background: The rising prevalence of obesity represents an important public health issue. An assessment of its costs may be useful in providing recommendations for policy and decision makers. This systematic review aimed to assess the economic burden of obesity and to identify, measure and describe the different obesity-related diseases included in the selected studies. Methods: A systematic literature search of studies in the English language was carried out in Medline (PubMed) and Web of Science databases to select cost-of-illness studies calculating the cost of obesity in a study population aged ≥18 years with obesity, as defined by a body mass index of ≥30 kg/m², for the whole selected country. The time frame for the analysis was January 2011 to September 2016. Results: The included twenty three studies reported a substantial economic burden of obesity in both developed and developing countries. There was considerable heterogeneity in methodological approaches, target populations, study time frames, and perspectives. This prevents an informative comparison between most of the studies. Specifically, there was great variety in the included obesity-related diseases and complications among the studies. Conclusions: There is an urgent need for public health measures to prevent obesity in order to save societal resources. Moreover, international consensus is required on standardized methods to calculate the cost of obesity to improve homogeneity and comparability. This aspect should also be considered when including obesity-related diseases.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Burden of obesity, Cost of illness, Obesity, Obesity-related disease
in
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
volume
14
issue
4
publisher
Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
external identifiers
  • scopus:85018520626
  • wos:000404105100099
ISSN
1661-7827
DOI
10.3390/ijerph14040435
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
7578ab72-485b-4d70-bb47-466a4382250f
date added to LUP
2017-05-19 10:58:01
date last changed
2017-09-18 11:36:31
@article{7578ab72-485b-4d70-bb47-466a4382250f,
  abstract     = {<p>Background: The rising prevalence of obesity represents an important public health issue. An assessment of its costs may be useful in providing recommendations for policy and decision makers. This systematic review aimed to assess the economic burden of obesity and to identify, measure and describe the different obesity-related diseases included in the selected studies. Methods: A systematic literature search of studies in the English language was carried out in Medline (PubMed) and Web of Science databases to select cost-of-illness studies calculating the cost of obesity in a study population aged ≥18 years with obesity, as defined by a body mass index of ≥30 kg/m², for the whole selected country. The time frame for the analysis was January 2011 to September 2016. Results: The included twenty three studies reported a substantial economic burden of obesity in both developed and developing countries. There was considerable heterogeneity in methodological approaches, target populations, study time frames, and perspectives. This prevents an informative comparison between most of the studies. Specifically, there was great variety in the included obesity-related diseases and complications among the studies. Conclusions: There is an urgent need for public health measures to prevent obesity in order to save societal resources. Moreover, international consensus is required on standardized methods to calculate the cost of obesity to improve homogeneity and comparability. This aspect should also be considered when including obesity-related diseases.</p>},
  articleno    = {435},
  author       = {Tremmel, Maximilian and Gerdtham, Ulf G. and Nilsson, Peter M. and Saha, Sanjib},
  issn         = {1661-7827},
  keyword      = {Burden of obesity,Cost of illness,Obesity,Obesity-related disease},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {04},
  number       = {4},
  publisher    = {Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)},
  series       = {International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health},
  title        = {Economic burden of obesity : A systematic literature review},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph14040435},
  volume       = {14},
  year         = {2017},
}