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Low anthropometric measures and mortality-results from the Malmo Diet and Cancer Study

Wierup, Ia; Carlsson, Axel C.; Wandell, Per; Riserus, Ulf; Arnlov, Johan and Borné, Yan LU (2015) In Annals of Medicine 47(4). p.325-331
Abstract
Aim. To study the association between anthropometric measures: body mass index (BMI), percent body fat, waist circumference (WC), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), waist-to-height ratio (WHtR), waist-to-hip-to-height ratio (WHHR), and A Body Shape Index (ABSI); to see if individuals in the lowest 5 percentiles for these measures have an increased risk of mortality. Methods. A population-based prospective cohort study ( 10,304 men and 16,549 women), the Malmo Diet and Cancer study (MDC), aged 45-73 years. Results. During a mean follow-up of 14 +/- 3 years, 2,224 men and 1,983 women died. There was a significant increased mortality risk after adjustments for potential confounders in the group with the 5% lowest BMI ( referent 25%-75%); hazard ratios... (More)
Aim. To study the association between anthropometric measures: body mass index (BMI), percent body fat, waist circumference (WC), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), waist-to-height ratio (WHtR), waist-to-hip-to-height ratio (WHHR), and A Body Shape Index (ABSI); to see if individuals in the lowest 5 percentiles for these measures have an increased risk of mortality. Methods. A population-based prospective cohort study ( 10,304 men and 16,549 women), the Malmo Diet and Cancer study (MDC), aged 45-73 years. Results. During a mean follow-up of 14 +/- 3 years, 2,224 men and 1,983 women died. There was a significant increased mortality risk after adjustments for potential confounders in the group with the 5% lowest BMI ( referent 25%-75%); hazard ratios (HR) with 95% confidence intervals were 1.33 (1.10-1.61) for women and 1.27 (1.07-1.52) for men. A similar significant increased mortality risk was seen with the 5% lowest percent body fat, HR 1.31 (1.07-1.60) for women and 1.25 (1.04-1.50) for men. Women with an ABSI in the lowest 5 percentiles had a lower mortality risk HR 0.64 (0.48-0.85). Conclusion. These results imply that BMI or percent body fat could be used to identify lean individuals at increased mortality risk. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Obesity, underweight, waist-hip-height ratio (WHHR), waist-hip ratio, (WHR)
in
Annals of Medicine
volume
47
issue
4
pages
325 - 331
publisher
Informa Healthcare
external identifiers
  • wos:000355562800006
  • scopus:84930516518
ISSN
1365-2060
DOI
10.3109/07853890.2015.1042029
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
d5e5d505-061a-4847-a5d5-6767a8b6170b (old id 7612509)
date added to LUP
2015-08-03 10:11:38
date last changed
2017-10-22 03:11:22
@article{d5e5d505-061a-4847-a5d5-6767a8b6170b,
  abstract     = {Aim. To study the association between anthropometric measures: body mass index (BMI), percent body fat, waist circumference (WC), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), waist-to-height ratio (WHtR), waist-to-hip-to-height ratio (WHHR), and A Body Shape Index (ABSI); to see if individuals in the lowest 5 percentiles for these measures have an increased risk of mortality. Methods. A population-based prospective cohort study ( 10,304 men and 16,549 women), the Malmo Diet and Cancer study (MDC), aged 45-73 years. Results. During a mean follow-up of 14 +/- 3 years, 2,224 men and 1,983 women died. There was a significant increased mortality risk after adjustments for potential confounders in the group with the 5% lowest BMI ( referent 25%-75%); hazard ratios (HR) with 95% confidence intervals were 1.33 (1.10-1.61) for women and 1.27 (1.07-1.52) for men. A similar significant increased mortality risk was seen with the 5% lowest percent body fat, HR 1.31 (1.07-1.60) for women and 1.25 (1.04-1.50) for men. Women with an ABSI in the lowest 5 percentiles had a lower mortality risk HR 0.64 (0.48-0.85). Conclusion. These results imply that BMI or percent body fat could be used to identify lean individuals at increased mortality risk.},
  author       = {Wierup, Ia and Carlsson, Axel C. and Wandell, Per and Riserus, Ulf and Arnlov, Johan and Borné, Yan},
  issn         = {1365-2060},
  keyword      = {Obesity,underweight,waist-hip-height ratio (WHHR),waist-hip ratio,(WHR)},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {325--331},
  publisher    = {Informa Healthcare},
  series       = {Annals of Medicine},
  title        = {Low anthropometric measures and mortality-results from the Malmo Diet and Cancer Study},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/07853890.2015.1042029},
  volume       = {47},
  year         = {2015},
}