Advanced

Young drivers´ accident patterns

Briem, Valdimar LU ; Ragnarsson, Asthor and Thordarson, Kjartan (2000) In Human Factors in Telecommunications - Implications for the Aged and Disabled
Abstract
The present study is concerned with the impact of psychological factors, particularly character traits and attitudes, on the traffic accident patterns of young drivers. 101 drivers completed a questionnaire consisting of 206 questions and statements. Factor analysis was used to identify and eliminate non-significant test items, leaving 70 statements defining 14 distinct traits. Age and sex were shown to affect the frequency of traffic accidents and offences, the youngest male drivers representing the highest risk group. The relation of psychological traits to other variables is described as referring to seven groups of drivers, four "safe" and three "unsafe", each defined by a combination of distinct characteristics. While, superficially,... (More)
The present study is concerned with the impact of psychological factors, particularly character traits and attitudes, on the traffic accident patterns of young drivers. 101 drivers completed a questionnaire consisting of 206 questions and statements. Factor analysis was used to identify and eliminate non-significant test items, leaving 70 statements defining 14 distinct traits. Age and sex were shown to affect the frequency of traffic accidents and offences, the youngest male drivers representing the highest risk group. The relation of psychological traits to other variables is described as referring to seven groups of drivers, four "safe" and three "unsafe", each defined by a combination of distinct characteristics. While, superficially, a driver's age and sex may appear to be the chief determinants of the risk of accidents and offences, this risk is, firstly, determined by the driver's traffic exposure and experience, and secondly, by "chronic" and "tonic" traits, some of which are linked to age and sex. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding
publication status
published
subject
in
Human Factors in Telecommunications - Implications for the Aged and Disabled
editor
Brookhuis, K.; de Waard, D. and Weikert, Clemens
publisher
Shaker Publishing
ISBN
90-423-0119-8
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
9e6b634c-0cab-4620-9583-bda0cd431638 (old id 774862)
date added to LUP
2007-12-19 17:38:20
date last changed
2016-04-16 07:54:58
@inbook{9e6b634c-0cab-4620-9583-bda0cd431638,
  abstract     = {The present study is concerned with the impact of psychological factors, particularly character traits and attitudes, on the traffic accident patterns of young drivers. 101 drivers completed a questionnaire consisting of 206 questions and statements. Factor analysis was used to identify and eliminate non-significant test items, leaving 70 statements defining 14 distinct traits. Age and sex were shown to affect the frequency of traffic accidents and offences, the youngest male drivers representing the highest risk group. The relation of psychological traits to other variables is described as referring to seven groups of drivers, four "safe" and three "unsafe", each defined by a combination of distinct characteristics. While, superficially, a driver's age and sex may appear to be the chief determinants of the risk of accidents and offences, this risk is, firstly, determined by the driver's traffic exposure and experience, and secondly, by "chronic" and "tonic" traits, some of which are linked to age and sex.},
  author       = {Briem, Valdimar and Ragnarsson, Asthor and Thordarson, Kjartan},
  editor       = {Brookhuis, K. and de Waard, D. and Weikert, Clemens},
  isbn         = {90-423-0119-8},
  language     = {eng},
  publisher    = {Shaker Publishing},
  series       = {Human Factors in Telecommunications - Implications for the Aged and Disabled},
  title        = {Young drivers´ accident patterns},
  year         = {2000},
}