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Cognition and character traits as determinants of young children’s behaviour in traffic situations

Briem, Valdimar LU and Bengtsson, Hans LU (2000) In International Journal of Behavioral Development 24(4). p.492-505
Abstract
Young children, 3 to 6 years’ old, were observed in two situations: (1) a traffic model, where they used dolls to enact the movements of two children on the way to and from day care; and (2) as they crossed a lightly trafficked, minor road in a situation analogous to that in the model. Atotal of 131 children participated. All were tested in the model situation (a), both on understanding of safety and safety devices and on road-crossing behaviour. The latter was seen as a task consisting of three components (i) using a zebra crossing, (ii) stopping at the curb, and (iii) looking for cars. Asubgroup of 47 children was tested on three character traits, activity, distraction, and impulsivity. Another subgroup of 45 children participated in the... (More)
Young children, 3 to 6 years’ old, were observed in two situations: (1) a traffic model, where they used dolls to enact the movements of two children on the way to and from day care; and (2) as they crossed a lightly trafficked, minor road in a situation analogous to that in the model. Atotal of 131 children participated. All were tested in the model situation (a), both on understanding of safety and safety devices and on road-crossing behaviour. The latter was seen as a task consisting of three components (i) using a zebra crossing, (ii) stopping at the curb, and (iii) looking for cars. Asubgroup of 47 children was tested on three character traits, activity, distraction, and impulsivity. Another subgroup of 45 children participated in the roadside situation (b). The results show that although both age and understanding were important predictors of appropriate behaviour in both traffic situations, the behaviour components were differentially related to these factors. Of the character traits, impulsivity was found to be reliably related to traffic behaviour. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
International Journal of Behavioral Development
volume
24
issue
4
pages
492 - 505
publisher
SAGE Publications
external identifiers
  • scopus:0042270104
ISSN
1464-0651
DOI
10.1080/016502500750038044
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
28ddd718-fbfd-4590-ac00-5a00d035dc21 (old id 775778)
date added to LUP
2008-01-03 10:53:47
date last changed
2017-01-01 07:39:52
@article{28ddd718-fbfd-4590-ac00-5a00d035dc21,
  abstract     = {Young children, 3 to 6 years’ old, were observed in two situations: (1) a traffic model, where they used dolls to enact the movements of two children on the way to and from day care; and (2) as they crossed a lightly trafficked, minor road in a situation analogous to that in the model. Atotal of 131 children participated. All were tested in the model situation (a), both on understanding of safety and safety devices and on road-crossing behaviour. The latter was seen as a task consisting of three components (i) using a zebra crossing, (ii) stopping at the curb, and (iii) looking for cars. Asubgroup of 47 children was tested on three character traits, activity, distraction, and impulsivity. Another subgroup of 45 children participated in the roadside situation (b). The results show that although both age and understanding were important predictors of appropriate behaviour in both traffic situations, the behaviour components were differentially related to these factors. Of the character traits, impulsivity was found to be reliably related to traffic behaviour.},
  author       = {Briem, Valdimar and Bengtsson, Hans},
  issn         = {1464-0651},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {492--505},
  publisher    = {SAGE Publications},
  series       = {International Journal of Behavioral Development},
  title        = {Cognition and character traits as determinants of young children’s behaviour in traffic situations},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/016502500750038044},
  volume       = {24},
  year         = {2000},
}