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Dissmissing-avoidant pattern of attachment and mimicry reactions at different levels of information processing

Sonnby-Borgström, Marianne LU and Jönsson, Peter LU (2004) In Scandinavian Journal of Psychology 45(2). p.103-113
Abstract
Individuals with a dismissing-avoidant pattern of attachment are assumed to repress anxiety-related signals, a disposition hypothesized to interfere with facial mimicry and emotional contagion. Further, they are assumed to have one internal working model associated with anxiety, operating out of awareness at early, automatic stages of information processing, and another positive model operating at later, cognitively controlled stages of processing. The main aim of the present investigation was to compare facial mimicry in dismissing-avoidant and non-dismissing subjects at different levels of information processing. Pictures of happy and angry faces were exposed to 61 subjects at three different exposure times (17, 56, and 2350 ms) in order... (More)
Individuals with a dismissing-avoidant pattern of attachment are assumed to repress anxiety-related signals, a disposition hypothesized to interfere with facial mimicry and emotional contagion. Further, they are assumed to have one internal working model associated with anxiety, operating out of awareness at early, automatic stages of information processing, and another positive model operating at later, cognitively controlled stages of processing. The main aim of the present investigation was to compare facial mimicry in dismissing-avoidant and non-dismissing subjects at different levels of information processing. Pictures of happy and angry faces were exposed to 61 subjects at three different exposure times (17, 56, and 2350 ms) in order to elicit facial muscle reactions, first at automatic levels and then at a more controlled levels. Corrugator activity (“frowning muscles”) represented negative emotions and zygomaticus activity (“smiling muscles”) positive emotions. The dismissing-avoidant subjects scored significantly lower on emotional empathy than the non-dismissing subjects. At the automatic level the dismissing-avoidant subjects showed “normal” corrugator responses (negative emotions) upon exposure to angry faces. At the cognitively controlled level of processing (2350 ms) a significant interaction effect was shown between Faces x Muscles x Attachment pattern. The dismissing-avoidant subjects showed no corrugator response and an increased zygomaticus response (“smiling reaction”) to the angry face, whereas the non-dismissing subjects reacted with a significant mimicking reaction. The dismissing-avoidant subjects’ tendency to ”smiling” in response to the angry face at the controlled level (2350 ms) may be interpreted as a repression of their earlier, automatically evoked (56 ms) negative emotional reaction. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
emotional contagion, empathy, Attachment, avoidant, repression, facial mimicry, affect regulation
in
Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
volume
45
issue
2
pages
103 - 113
publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
external identifiers
  • wos:000189321200003
  • pmid:15016264
ISSN
1467-9450
DOI
10.1111/j.1467-9450.2004.00385.x
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
9c09f9cb-4b37-4528-beb4-46595dc587b4 (old id 777424)
date added to LUP
2008-01-03 14:53:57
date last changed
2016-04-16 04:05:22
@article{9c09f9cb-4b37-4528-beb4-46595dc587b4,
  abstract     = {Individuals with a dismissing-avoidant pattern of attachment are assumed to repress anxiety-related signals, a disposition hypothesized to interfere with facial mimicry and emotional contagion. Further, they are assumed to have one internal working model associated with anxiety, operating out of awareness at early, automatic stages of information processing, and another positive model operating at later, cognitively controlled stages of processing. The main aim of the present investigation was to compare facial mimicry in dismissing-avoidant and non-dismissing subjects at different levels of information processing. Pictures of happy and angry faces were exposed to 61 subjects at three different exposure times (17, 56, and 2350 ms) in order to elicit facial muscle reactions, first at automatic levels and then at a more controlled levels. Corrugator activity (“frowning muscles”) represented negative emotions and zygomaticus activity (“smiling muscles”) positive emotions. The dismissing-avoidant subjects scored significantly lower on emotional empathy than the non-dismissing subjects. At the automatic level the dismissing-avoidant subjects showed “normal” corrugator responses (negative emotions) upon exposure to angry faces. At the cognitively controlled level of processing (2350 ms) a significant interaction effect was shown between Faces x Muscles x Attachment pattern. The dismissing-avoidant subjects showed no corrugator response and an increased zygomaticus response (“smiling reaction”) to the angry face, whereas the non-dismissing subjects reacted with a significant mimicking reaction. The dismissing-avoidant subjects’ tendency to ”smiling” in response to the angry face at the controlled level (2350 ms) may be interpreted as a repression of their earlier, automatically evoked (56 ms) negative emotional reaction.},
  author       = {Sonnby-Borgström, Marianne and Jönsson, Peter},
  issn         = {1467-9450},
  keyword      = {emotional contagion,empathy,Attachment,avoidant,repression,facial mimicry,affect regulation},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {103--113},
  publisher    = {Wiley-Blackwell},
  series       = {Scandinavian Journal of Psychology},
  title        = {Dissmissing-avoidant pattern of attachment and mimicry reactions at different levels of information processing},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9450.2004.00385.x},
  volume       = {45},
  year         = {2004},
}