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Environmental Constraints Shaping Constituent Order in Emerging Communication Systems : Structural Iconicity, Interactive Alignment and Conventionalization

Christensen, Peer LU ; Fusaroli, Riccardo and Tylén, Kristian (2016) In Cognition 146. p.67-80
Abstract
Where does linguistic structure come from? Recent gesture elicitation studies have indicated that constituent order (corresponding to for instance subject - verb - object, or SVO in English) may be

heavily influenced by human cognitive biases constraining gesture production and transmission. Here we explore the alternative hypothesis that syntactic patterns are motivated by multiple environmental and social-interactional constraints that are external to the cognitive domain. In three experiments, we systematically investigate different motivations for structure in the gestural communication of simple transitive events. The first experiment indicates that, if participants communicate about different types of events, manipulation... (More)
Where does linguistic structure come from? Recent gesture elicitation studies have indicated that constituent order (corresponding to for instance subject - verb - object, or SVO in English) may be

heavily influenced by human cognitive biases constraining gesture production and transmission. Here we explore the alternative hypothesis that syntactic patterns are motivated by multiple environmental and social-interactional constraints that are external to the cognitive domain. In three experiments, we systematically investigate different motivations for structure in the gestural communication of simple transitive events. The first experiment indicates that, if participants communicate about different types of events, manipulation events (e.g. someone throwing a cake) and construction events (e.g. someone baking a cake), they spontaneously and systematically produce different constituent orders, SOV and SVO respectively, thus following the principle of structural iconicity. The second experiment shows that participants' choice of constituent order is also reliably influenced by social-interactional forces of interactive alignment, that is, the tendency to re-use an interlocutor's previous choice of constituent order, thus potentially overriding affordances for iconicity. Lastly, the third experiment finds that the relative frequency distribution of referent event types motivates the stabilization and conventionalization of a single constituent order for the communication of different types of events. Together, our results demonstrate that constituent order in emerging gestural communication systems is shaped and stabilized in response to multiple external environmental and social factors: structural iconicity, interactive alignment and distributional frequency. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Structural iconicity, interactive alignment, conventionalization, gesture, word order
in
Cognition
volume
146
pages
67 - 80
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • pmid:26402649
  • wos:000367115500008
  • scopus:84942133808
ISSN
0010-0277
DOI
10.1016/j.cognition.2015.09.004
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
32b685a6-79bf-409d-ac2d-4a23b111e9dc (old id 7859098)
date added to LUP
2015-09-07 08:28:54
date last changed
2017-03-12 03:46:47
@article{32b685a6-79bf-409d-ac2d-4a23b111e9dc,
  abstract     = {Where does linguistic structure come from? Recent gesture elicitation studies have indicated that constituent order (corresponding to for instance subject - verb - object, or SVO in English) may be<br/><br>
heavily influenced by human cognitive biases constraining gesture production and transmission. Here we explore the alternative hypothesis that syntactic patterns are motivated by multiple environmental and social-interactional constraints that are external to the cognitive domain. In three experiments, we systematically investigate different motivations for structure in the gestural communication of simple transitive events. The first experiment indicates that, if participants communicate about different types of events, manipulation events (e.g. someone throwing a cake) and construction events (e.g. someone baking a cake), they spontaneously and systematically produce different constituent orders, SOV and SVO respectively, thus following the principle of structural iconicity. The second experiment shows that participants' choice of constituent order is also reliably influenced by social-interactional forces of interactive alignment, that is, the tendency to re-use an interlocutor's previous choice of constituent order, thus potentially overriding affordances for iconicity. Lastly, the third experiment finds that the relative frequency distribution of referent event types motivates the stabilization and conventionalization of a single constituent order for the communication of different types of events. Together, our results demonstrate that constituent order in emerging gestural communication systems is shaped and stabilized in response to multiple external environmental and social factors: structural iconicity, interactive alignment and distributional frequency.},
  author       = {Christensen, Peer and Fusaroli, Riccardo and Tylén, Kristian},
  issn         = {0010-0277},
  keyword      = {Structural iconicity,interactive alignment,conventionalization,gesture,word order},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {67--80},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Cognition},
  title        = {Environmental Constraints Shaping Constituent Order in Emerging Communication Systems : Structural Iconicity, Interactive Alignment and Conventionalization},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cognition.2015.09.004},
  volume       = {146},
  year         = {2016},
}