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The Structure and Development of Dispositional Compassion in Early Adolescence

Bengtsson, Hans LU ; Söderström, Micael and Terjestam, Yvonne (2016) In Journal of Early Adolescence 36(6). p.840-873
Abstract
Compassion may be directed at a broad range of targets. The present study investigated interrelations among other-directed compassion, self-compassion and environmental compassion in early adolescence (age 12-14; N = 256) and examined how the different manifestations of compassion related to age and sex during this age period. Dispositional compassion directed at different targets was assessed through self-reports and peer nominations. SEM analysis supported a model that portrayed dispositional compassion toward self, others and the environment as three distinct, but interrelated factors. Other-directed compassion and environmental compassion were higher in girls than in boys. There was a decrease in all forms of compassion with age. The... (More)
Compassion may be directed at a broad range of targets. The present study investigated interrelations among other-directed compassion, self-compassion and environmental compassion in early adolescence (age 12-14; N = 256) and examined how the different manifestations of compassion related to age and sex during this age period. Dispositional compassion directed at different targets was assessed through self-reports and peer nominations. SEM analysis supported a model that portrayed dispositional compassion toward self, others and the environment as three distinct, but interrelated factors. Other-directed compassion and environmental compassion were higher in girls than in boys. There was a decrease in all forms of compassion with age. The drop in self-compassion was linked to negative self-perceptions in 13- and 14-year-old girls. The roles of experience and cognitive factors in linking different forms of dispositional compassion are discussed. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
environmental concern, self-compassion, perspective taking, sympathy, personality development
in
Journal of Early Adolescence
volume
36
issue
6
pages
34 pages
publisher
SAGE Publications Inc.
external identifiers
  • scopus:84977594109
  • wos:000380271500005
ISSN
1552-5449
DOI
10.1177/0272431615594461
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
d6e89921-ab54-458d-99c8-6595e4365b17 (old id 7866210)
date added to LUP
2015-09-18 11:03:52
date last changed
2017-09-18 11:28:13
@article{d6e89921-ab54-458d-99c8-6595e4365b17,
  abstract     = {Compassion may be directed at a broad range of targets. The present study investigated interrelations among other-directed compassion, self-compassion and environmental compassion in early adolescence (age 12-14; N = 256) and examined how the different manifestations of compassion related to age and sex during this age period. Dispositional compassion directed at different targets was assessed through self-reports and peer nominations. SEM analysis supported a model that portrayed dispositional compassion toward self, others and the environment as three distinct, but interrelated factors. Other-directed compassion and environmental compassion were higher in girls than in boys. There was a decrease in all forms of compassion with age. The drop in self-compassion was linked to negative self-perceptions in 13- and 14-year-old girls. The roles of experience and cognitive factors in linking different forms of dispositional compassion are discussed.},
  author       = {Bengtsson, Hans and Söderström, Micael and Terjestam, Yvonne},
  issn         = {1552-5449},
  keyword      = {environmental concern,self-compassion,perspective taking,sympathy,personality development},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {840--873},
  publisher    = {SAGE Publications Inc.},
  series       = {Journal of Early Adolescence},
  title        = {The Structure and Development of Dispositional Compassion in Early Adolescence},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0272431615594461},
  volume       = {36},
  year         = {2016},
}